Plagiarism and Academic Integrity
The following definition is taken from the University of Detroit Mercy Graduate Program of Nurse Anesthesiology Syllabus ANE594 Pathophysiology Fall 2003. The Program has gathered this information from various sources within the University, including but not limited to the undergraduate and graduate catalogs.
"As members of an academic community engaged in the pursuit of truth and with a special concern for values, students are expected to conform to a high standard of honesty and integrity in their academic work. The fundamental assumption under which the University operates is that work submitted by a student is a product of his/her own efforts.
Among the most serious academic offensives is plagiarism, submitting style of another author or source without acknowledgment or formal documentation. Plagiarism occurs when specific phrases or entire passages, whether a sentence, paragraph or longer excerpt, are incorporated into one's own writing without quotation marks or documentation. One also plagiarizes by paraphrasing the work of another that is, retaining another writer's ideas and structure without documentation.
Students are advised always to set off another writer's exact words by quotation marks, with appropriate references. Students avoid plagiarism by concentrating on their own words and ideas and by fully crediting another's words and ideas when they find their way into the writing. Whenever in doubt, cite the source.
Students who purchase essays from other students or agencies or who copy from one another or from prohibited sources, commit the most serious type of academic dishonesty.
The consequences of plagiarism, or any act of academic dishonesty, may range from failure in a course to dismissal from the University."
The UDM libraries provide both print and electronic sources to assist in the understanding of plagiarism.
Gibaldi, Joseph, and Walter S. Achtert. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association of America. 1988.
Yaggy, Elinor. How to Write Your Term Paper. 3rd ed. New York: Chandler Publishing Co., 1974.
"To give the impression that you have written or thought something that you have in fact borrowed from someone else," (Gibaldi 1.6).
What are the different types of plagiarism?
"Repeating as your own someone else's sentences, more or less verbatim," (Gibaldi 1.6).
"Repeating someone else's particularly apt phrase without appropriate acknowledgement," (Gibaldi 1.6).
"Paraphrasing another's argument as your own," (Gibaldi 1.6).
"Presenting another's line of thinking as though it were your own," (Gibaldi 1.6).
"Copying the paper of a friend," (Winkler 89).
How to avoid plagiarism
Be sure to accurately indicate direct quotations, (Yaggy 21).
Completely reword when you paraphrase, (Yaggy 21).
"Be sure to notice whether the material you write down is cited as fact or the author's opinion. If it is opinion, indicate that it is," (Yaggy 21).
"If you have any doubt about whether or not you are committing plagiarism, cite your source or sources," (Gibaldi 1.6).
Search "plagiarism" and check out links to:
- Georgetown University
- Purdue University
- University of California/Davis
- Princeton University