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Dichotomy: School of Architecture Student Journal

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Faculty of linguistics: facade and connection to context

Faculty of literature, Univ. of A'dam: elevation

Faculty of literature, Univ. of A'dam: plan

Faculty of literature, University of Amsterdam

Faculty of literature, University of Amsterdam: elevation

Faculty of literature, University of Amsterdam: foyer from above

Faculty of literature: Univ. of A'dam: facade detail

Fargo-Moorhead Culture Center Bridge, south elevation


Fascism, Democracy, and The Modern Language of Architecture

Fifth Phase 1987-1992: "Detroit River Place" and "Tricentennial Bridge" the site for Expo 2000-2001

Fig. 1 Basic polyhedra, Row 1 the five Platonic solids. Rows 2, 3, 4 the thirteen Archimedian solids

Fig. 10: "Free Yo' Mind" postcard

Fig. 10: Gala looking at the Mediterranean Sea which from a Distance of 20 Meters is Transformed into a Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1976

Fig. 10: Grand Palais plan

Fig. 10: Pond System Abstract: organizational diagram of storm water lines being diverted to pond systems

Fig. 10: Section/Elevation

Fig. 10: The Urban Ecology Sanctuary was designed by students in a community process facilitated by Chicago architect Paul Alt.

Fig. 10: View of Ambiguous Bounaries: Slippage of 1405 over 1407

Fig. 11/12/13: The project, designed by Pat West, is based on a theory of hip hop culture.

Fig. 11: "Infrastructure" postcard

Fig. 11: Christie/Bickford/Montrose demonstration site: illustrating conceptual connected pond system running through two parks and a school yard

Fig. 11: Exploded axonometric

Fig. 11: Tarragona

Fig. 11: The Interlocking Plan, building containing ten units, Second Floor

Fig. 12/13: Perspective renderings

Fig. 12: "Will Rise?" postcard

Fig. 12: A detail proposal for a linear pond at the southwest corner of Trinity Bellwoods Park

Fig. 12: Paris - by Tim Heron, with permission

Fig. 12: Townhouse, Ground floor/Second floor/Plan/Elevation

Fig. 13: "Detroit Free Press Strike" postcard

Fig. 13: Fundacio Antoni Tapies, Barcelona

Fig. 13: St. George Street looking south

Fig. 13A, 13B, 13C: Elevation of Townhouse building containing ten units.

Fig. 14/15/16: This site is located in-between several warehouses, partially occupied buildings, and two partial facades

Fig. 14: Closeup of west border of city

Fig. 14: Istanbul

Fig. 14: Plan of Sidney Smith Square

Fig. 14A, 14B: Mental Map A: Music student's Townhouse, Ground Floor/Second Floor

Fig. 15: Closeup of group of cards from Fig. 14

Fig. 15: St. George Street archive image circa 1905

Fig. 15A, 15B: Mental Map B: Artist's Townhouse, Ground Floor/Second Floor

Fig. 16: "Before" shot prior to Revialization, east side St. George Street

Fig. 16: Closeup of single card from Fig. 15

Fig. 16A, 16B: Mental Map C: Boy's Townhouse, Ground Foor/Second Floor ("The rooms are not this much apart")

Fig. 17/18: Drawing on the "power from powerless" theme of the hip hop culture, I created a space that would erase the "vacant lot" and replace it with "valued space"

Fig. 17: Closeup of stamp from Fig. 16

Fig. 17: Night views into apartments

Fig. 17: West side of St. George Street looking south

Fig. 18: "Window Dressing" postcard

Fig. 18: East side of St. George Street

Fig. 18: Night view of man in window: Lafayette Towers, "heterotopia of dwelling"

Fig. 19, 20: Ventilation panels and heating causeways, Lafayette Towers, detail

Fig. 19: Postcard

Fig. 19: Sidney Smith Square looking southwest

Fig. 1: Barcelona

Fig. 1: Oblique shot of map

Fig. 1: Party wall during window replacement, spring 1977

Fig. 1: Sidney Smith Square looking northeast

Fig. 1: Site photo

Fig. 1: The spaciousness of Panurbia

Fig. 1: Trojan Horse

Fig. 1: Windowless frontage

Fig. 1A, 1B, 1C: Locke's spatial principle

Fig. 20: "Detroit" postcard

Fig. 21: Lafayette Towers (1961-63)

Fig. 22: West Tower reflected in East Tower, Lafayette Park

Fig. 23: Layfayette Towers, efficiency apartment-view east toward periphery wall

Fig. 24: Layfayette Towers, efficiency apartment-view toward corridor

Fig. 25: Layfayette Towers, parking structure and pool

Fig. 26: Two-story Townhouse building, Layfette Park

Fig. 2: Bonus Army Camp

Fig. 2: Defence Corps building

Fig. 2: Detroit Street Map

Fig. 2: Office parks in Fairfax County

Fig. 2: Party wall - Sound waves, moveable closet - student project

Fig. 2: Seville

Fig. 2: Trinity Bellwoods Park proposal - Model of park showing new bridges, restored ravine profile with new connected pond system

Fig. 2: West Mall

Fig. 2A, 2B, 2C: Lefebvre's spatial principle

Fig. 3: Aerial photo of downtown Detroit, 1995

Fig. 3: Atomized initial sites of Foucault's thesis

Fig. 3: Garrison Watershed and City Context showing built form and highlighted open spaces

Fig. 3: Master plan

Fig. 3: Parking

Fig. 3: Party wall - Adjacencies + Encroachments - student project

Fig. 3: Placa de las Olles, Barcelona

Fig. 3: Resurrection City

Fig. 3: Urban Renewal 1

Fig. 4: Adjacencies: Layfayette Tower rising behind the two story rowhouses

Fig. 4: Anti-apartheid shanties

Fig. 4: Archival map of Trinity Bellwoods Park showing original ravine profile

Fig. 4: Banding at the WestPark Office Park

Fig. 4: Block Structure

Fig. 4: Detail of patched aerial photo card

Fig. 4: Heterotopian links of Foucault's thesis

Fig. 4: Placa de las Olles

Fig. 4: Urban Renewal 2

Fig. 5/6: Kimbell museum (model/entry)

Fig. 5/6: Street images of the city

Fig. 5: Adjacencies: view from townhouse toward courtyard house

Fig. 5: Alternative link theorized from Foucault's initial thesis

Fig. 5: Building Site

Fig. 5: Girona

Fig. 5: Photomontage

Fig. 5: This bridge is buried intact, as is most of the ravine lands shown in the picture

Fig. 5: View of WestPark Office Park from Tyson's Galleria

Fig. 6: Adjacencies: views of the west tower and of the Layfayette Pavilion beyond, from an East Tower effacing apartment

Fig. 6: Model

Fig. 6: Rome

Fig. 6: Surrounded by a housing project, a YMCA, a library, an abandoned bank and a demolished grocery store, this site, currently used as a parking lot, was selected for a community center.

Fig. 6: Tadashi Kawamata - Toronto Project 1989

Fig. 6: Watershed showing ravine profile, Garrison Sewer, institutions and open spaces

Fig. 6: WestPark plan

Fig. 7: De Menil secions

Fig. 7: Low rise buildings - planting plan

Fig. 7: Major geographical landforms, and the ravine profile

Fig. 7: Overall back of map

Fig. 7: Revised Advertising materials

Fig. 7: Robert Taylor Homes

Fig. 7: Rome

Fig. 7: Site axonometric

Fig. 7: White House Project 1995

Fig. 8/9: Swiss pavilin/Unite section

Fig. 8/9: The Courtyard of DuSable High School is the future site of the Urban Ecology Sanctuary

Fig. 89 Development of one-fifth typical assembly net showing orientation of double-grids.

Fig. 8: Model shot of proposed greenway

Fig. 8: Nimes

Fig. 8: Overall front of map

Fig. 8: Ravine profile superimposed over original park lot division with existing street and built form superimposed

Fig. 8: Site Plan

Fig. 8: Stair landing and window pots

Fig. 9: "Graffitti Claim" postcard

Fig. 9: Linear Dynamics: open space network and areas of confluence

Fig. 9: New York City

Fig. 9: Plan

Fig. 9: View of "encroaching bedroom" wall of neighbor's unit - two-story town house, upper level

Fig. 9: Weaving

Fig. No. 10 Plans and elevations of 2V and 3V Alternate breakdown, vertex zenith domes. Icosahedron face breakdown with pentagonal vertex cues outlined.

Fig. No. 100 Concentric ring scaffold technique.

Fig. No. 101 Concentric ring crane technique.

Fig. No. 102 Concentric ring crane technique.

Fig. No. 103 Assembly sequence 55' diameter strut and membrane 3V Alternate dome.

Fig. No. 104 Expandable truss technique developed by Emilio Pinero of Madrid.

Fig. No. 105 Dome assembly by rotation about a horizontal axis.

Fig. No. 106 Inverted base rings joined, rings 1-7 complete, 3/4 completion, final erection.

Fig. No. 11 Plans and elevation of 3V Alternate breakdown domes with vertex and edge zenith comparison. Icosahedron face diamond patterns with pentagonal vertex cues outlined.

Fig. No. 12 Plans and elevations of 4V Triacon, vertex zenith domes with triangular and diamond breakdowns compared. Icosahedron face patterns and pentagonal vertex cues outlined.

Fig. No. 13 Plan and elevation of 18V Triacon Hex-Pent dome. Rhombic triacontahedron faces dotted, icosa vertex at ends of long diamond axis.

Fig. No. 14 Axial load results from one unit vertical load applied at every vertex of 6V Alternate strut dome. Plus tension, minus compression.

Fig. No. 15 Woods Hole dome, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 1953-54. Fifty-five foot diameter, wood and mylar hyperbolic parabola dome.

Fig. No. 16 Plan, basic hyperbolic parabola diamonds composed of 1" x 8", 2" x 3" and 1" x 2" members diamonds are approximately 10' to an edge.

Fig. No. 17 Elevation

Fig. No. 18 Geometric explanation of dome, A 3V Alternate edge zenith breakdown. Basic hyperbolic parabola diamond withdrawn.

Fig. No. 19 Basic calculations for the icosahedron subdivision.

Fig. No. 2 Evolution of dual polyhedra through face addition

Fig. No. 20 Grid triangle calculations for fat and thin diamonds. Chord factor formula converts arc lengths to chord lengths when multiplied by the desired dome radius. Project by Geodesics Incorporated.

Fig. No. 21 One hundred twenty foot diameter strut and membrane dome. An 8V Triacon beakdown, vertex zenith truncated along pent-cap. Struts have square flange ends bolt to cylinder ring, pull chain to membrane secures and adjusts membrane tension. A Synergetics Incorporated project.

Fig. No. 22

Fig. No. 23 Thirty-five foot diameter hemispherical personnel shelter developed for the Marine Corps Aviation, 1955.

Fig. No. 24 Plan.

Fig. No. 25 Plan of interior membrane with vertex pick up points (similar chain and clamp device Fig. 21) windows and vents are indicated, dome encloses 1,018 square feet, 10,300 cubic feet, weighs 1,313 pounds and packs into 176 cubic feet.

Fig. No. 26 Plan of geometry 4V Triacon, vertex zenith, basic diamond component withdrawn.

Fig. No. 276 Diamond packaging sequence, an ingenious pin and hinge system allows diamond components to partially disassemble reducing packaging volume, typical diamond and base support shown. A Fuller Research Foundation Project.

Fig. No. 28 Plan of a 60' diameter exhibition dome.

Fig. No. 29 Elevation and section.

Fig. No. 3 Polyhedra and spherical nomenclature.

Fig. No. 30 Strut and membrane connector.

Fig. No. 31 Plan and elevation of 51' diameter Sasaki Dome.

Fig. No. 32 Joint details adjacent struts are joined by a metal angle secured by spacer and screw assemblies.

Fig. No. 33 Exploded assembly view of 55' diameter 2/3 sphere polyester fiberglass panel radome. A Geometrics, Incorporated project.

Fig. No. 34 Assembly drawing for 1/5 typical segment of Fig. 33.

Fig. No. 35 Typical polyester fiberglass panels.

Fig. No. 36 Diagramatic panel assembly

Fig. No. 37 Typical packaging and identification for 55' diameter radome.

Fig. No. 38 Assembly sequence typical of 1/5 dome.

Fig. No. 39 6V Alternate 110 foot diameter radome similar to those described in Figs. 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 and 38.

Fig. No. 4 Spherical orientation x, y, z, edge zenith, and face zenith.

Fig. No. 40 Panel membrane and rail assembly for 110' diameter 10V Triacon dome.

Fig. No. 41 Casting views

Fig. No. 42 Assembly drawing for 60' diameter 3/4 sphere honeycomb panel dome.

Fig. No. 43 Thirty-nine foot diameter plywood dome.

Fig. No. 44 Plan of dome.

Fig. No. 45 Partial plan of plywood bolt patterns.

Fig. No. 46 Geometric interpretation of sheet fastener and fold axis.

Fig. No. 47 Sixty-six foot diameter lesser circle dome by Triodetic.

Fig. No. 48 Similar to Fig. 47 this lesser circle geometry permits the accumulation of the most struts where they are least needed, the zenith.

Fig. No. 49 The triodetic connector.

Fig. No. 5 Icosahedron breakdowns generated about the edge, face and vertex.

Fig. No. 50 Basic tensegrity polyhedra, discontinuous compression-continuous tension.

Fig. No. 51 Partial elevation of triangular - hexagonal breakdown.

Fig. No. 52 Partial plan of 24V Triacon, hex-pent dome.

Fig. No. 53 Elevation and erection sequence for 200' diameter tensegrity dome.

Fig. No. 54 Plan, base ring provides compressive restraint.

Fig. No. 55 Plan and elevation of 6V Alternate dome.

Fig. No. 56 Framing study of 4V Alternate dome.

Fig. No. 57 4V Alternate breakdown.

Fig. No. 58 Maintaining previous Figs. 56 and 57 geometry, triangulated sub assemblies now stabilize hex-pent areas.

Fig. No. 59 Double grid, 2V Alternate (edge zenith) post tensioned stress skin dome.

Fig. No. 6 Comparative breakdown of icosahedron face Alternate and Triacon methods

Fig. No. 60 Alternate framings for Fig. 59.

Fig. No. 61 Post tensioned 2V Alternate, vertex zenith dome.

Fig. No. 62 6V Alternate, vertex zenith, "bicycle wheel" dome.

Fig. No. 63 4V Alternate post tensioned dome.

Fig. No. 64 Load test of Fig. 63.

Fig. No. 65 Typical universal pivit joint used throughout test Fig. 64.

Fig. No. 66 Plan and elevation of 6V Alternate dome similar to Fig. 63 and 64.

Fig. No. 67 Thirty-six foot diameter University of Minnesota dome erected at Aspen, Colorado, 1953.

Fig. No. 68 Reflected ceiling view.

Fig. No. 69 Elevation of American Society for Metals dome, Cleveland, Ohio.

Fig. No. 7

Fig. No. 70 Plan 24V Triacon hex-pent.

Fig. No. 71

Fig. No. 72 Edge beam of ASM dome.

Fig. No. 73 Climatron at the Missouri Botanical Gardens in St. Louis, 175' diameter dome.

Fig. No. 74 Interior view of Acrylic enclosure.

Fig. No. 75 Sections of double grid, sub assemblies, and glazing details.

Fig. No. 76 Sub assembly and grid vertex castings.

Fig. No. 77 36V Triacon hex pent Baton Rouge dome.

Fig. No. 78

Fig. No. 79 Elevation Kaiser 145' diameter dome.

Fig. No. 8 Triacon and Alternate breakdown comparison

Fig. No. 80 Plan. Location plan for 575 basic diamonds.

Fig. No. 81

Fig. No. 82 Yomuiuri dome, Tokyo, Japan.

Fig. No. 83 Plan a double grid 36V Triacon breakdown.

Fig. No. 84 Plan inner grid of sub assemblies 18V Triacon breakdown.

Fig. No. 85 Double grid basic components.

Fig. No. 86 A grouping of six double grid components delineate one surface hexagon and surroundings triangles.

Fig. No. 87 Development of one-fifth dome showing hyperbolicparaboloid sky lights and grid components.

Fig. No. 88 Elevation U.S. Pavilion, Expo '67, Montreal, Canada.

Fig. No. 9 Plans and elevations of 4V Alternate breakdown domes with vertex and edge zenith comparison, icosahedron face with pentagonal vertex cues outlines.

Fig. No. 90 Partial space frame model indicating acrylic dome orientation.

Fig. No. 91 Exterior view of inner grid vertex hub.

Fig. No. 92 Plan of outer grid vertex hub.

Fig. No. 93 Acrylic dome panels being installed inner grid tubing received a mullion section to which panels were inserted.

Fig. No. 94 Connection devices for 10' diameter wooden strut 2V Alternate children's play sphere.

Fig. No. 95 Concentric ring erection sequence for 6V Triacon hex-pent dome rings 1-3.

Fig. No. 96 Concentric ring erection sequence for 6V Triacon hex-pent dome rings 4-7.

Fig. No. 97 Pneumatic baloon erection of strut dome.

Fig. No. 98 Radome erection by central twin boom mast.

Fig. No. 99 Central mast erection technique Kaiser dome Figs. 79, 80, 81.

figure 01

figure 01 Mono Lake Non-Site Cinders Near Black Point (Mono Lake, California, 1968)

figure 02

figure 02 A Ten Mile Walk (England, 1968)

figure 03

figure 03 Double Negative (Overton, Nevada, 1969-70)

figure 04

figure 04 Spiral Jetty (Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1970)

figure 05

figure 05 Lightning Field (Quemado, New Mexico, 1977)

figure 06

figure 06 Walter de Maria greeting a plane on the site of Cross (El Mirage Dry Lake, Nevada, 1968)

figure 07

figure 07 Landing Strip, process sketch (1999)

figure 08

figure 08 Le Corbusier & Pierre Jeanneret, Pavillon Suisse (Cite Universtaire, Paris, 1932)

figure 09

figure 09 Farnsworth House (Plano, Illinois, 1945-50)

Figure 1

Figure 1 (top): Newport Casino, Newport, RI, 1879-80, partial plan, Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead & White, 1879-1915

figure 10

figure 10 Partially Buried Woodshed (Kent State, 1970)

Figure 10: The University Club, New York, NY, 1896-99, southeast view, 1905

figure 11 Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Washington, D.C., 1982)

Figure 11: Columbia University, Morningside Campus, New York, NY, 1894, proposed plan, dated May 1894 and final plan dated 1894, highlighted courtyard drawing

Figure 12: Washington, D.C., photograph of the Mall, looking east, ca. 1901

Figure 13: Senate Park Commission rendering of the plan from a point 4,000 feet above Arlington

Figure 14: Senate Park Commission rendering of Union Square

Figure 15: Senate Park Commission rendering of Washington Monument Gardens and Mall, from the original rendering

Figure 16: Senate Park Commission rendering of the proposed development of the site for the Lincoln Memorial, seen from the east, from the original rendering

Figure 1: Victoria Park, Detroit, Michigan

Figure 2

Figure 2: Newport Casino, Newport, RI, 1879-80, elevation, Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead & White, 1879-1915

Figure 2: Renaissance Center Detroit, Michigan

Figure 3

Figure 3 (below): Newport Casino, Newport, RI, 1879-80, courtyard

Figure 3. Li-Ping's wood-framed, temporary, above-ground banking system.

Figure 3: Pole Town Cadillac Plant Detroit, Michigan

Figure 4

Figure 4: Boston Public Library, Boston, MA, 1887-95, aerial perspective across Copley Square

Figure 5: Boston Public Library, Boston, MA, 1887-95, photo of facade facing Copley Square, ca. 1901

Figure 5: Final Scheme - Victoria Park Detroit, Michigan

Figure 6: Boston Public Library, Boston, MA, 1887-95, perspective of Copley Square

Figure 6: Infill Housing Scheme for Detroit

Figure 7: Boston Public Library, Boston, MA, 1887-95, longitudinal section

Figure 7: Mid-Cities Residential Project Detroit, Michigan

Figure 8: Boston Public Library, stair hall, Boston, MA, 1887-95, Digital Photography Academy

Figure 8: Chene and St. Aubin Parks Detroit, Michigan

Figure 9: The University Club, New York, NY, 1896-99, floor plans, Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead & White, 1879-1915

Final scenarios (img.009)

Fireplace alcove in Freer's own room

Fireplace of the guest bedroom, second floor northeast corner, showing the space created by the addition to "Chamber F" of the old house

First floor - 1910

First floor hall

First floor hall showing dining

First floor plan

First floor plan of House VI, 1976

First floor plan, 1890

First floor plan, 1910

First sketch 1970: Detroit multi-level urban space and multipurpose civic bridge for pedestrians

Flapjacks, 1893

Flawed Rationalism

Fleece-covered seat on step level of new entrance interchange.

Flights of Fanciful Steel, The Chrysler Building, New York City

Floor plan for the Chicago and Alton Greenville, Illinois depot of 1885

Florence -- "Castrum Romanum" or Roman Camp and its development

Florence. "Partita di Calcio", 1984.

Flow of space around massive, articulated arches.

Footprint showing various additions made to Freer's home during his lifetime

For Demilitarization Of The Act Of Building

For Pedestrians Only

For Pedestrians Only Multipurpose -- Old Market Square in Cracow Forum of Cracow for religious, cultural, governmental, social and also commercial activity.

Ford Auditorium



Foster, Chris

Found in Translation: The Hunt for the Absent Landscape

four sketches executed at the American Academy in Rome, 1983

Fourth Phase 1982-1984: Chalk Talks, illustrating-among others-Belle Isle extension, and the Detroit-Windsor Linking Structure

Frank Fantauzzi and Michael Williams

Frank Lloyd Wright: Kaufmann House (Falling Water), 1936-39

Frederick S. Church (left) and Freer, 1892

Frederick S. Church as a bear ringing Freer's doorbell, 1891

frederick s. church's doorbell design

Freer bedroom fireplace

Freer comparing Whistler's Venus Rising from the Sea to an Islamic glazed vessel, 1909

Freer examining a scroll painting, 1909

Freer Gallery of Art courtyard

Freer Gallery of Art Facade

Freer's bedroom, north wall, 1996

Freer's dressing room

Freer's dressing room, north wall, 1996

Freer's home and garden, ca. 1895

freer's new home

Freer's sitting room


From An Architect's Sketchbook, 1912

From Bibl. Naz., Turin Ris., 59-3, No. 18

From Hospital Sketches, 1917

From Notebook Sketches, 1873

From Paddington to Victoria

From the Sketch Book -- Tuscany. A girl carrying. 1984. Orvieto.

From The Study of Architectural Design by John Harbeson

From Wescher

Front (west) elevation, Perry residence

Front and rear elevation with section through shed

Front door, 1981

Front facade, 1892

fruit carving on southern mantel of main hall fireplace

Furniture Scale

Future residential college

University of Detroit Mercy
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