Desai, Shivali, Aziz Moukled, and Mary Tracy-Bee
· The mandibular foramen is an oblique hole on the medial surface of the ramus of human mandibles that serves as an entrance for the inferior alveolar vessels and nerve.
· In dental procedures, the inferior alveolar nerve is the focal point when the lower jaw is anesthetized.
· Our research focused on examining the disparity in the position of the mandibular foramen in male and female populations of both the African-American and Caucasian races.
· One hundred skulls from the Hamaan-Todd collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History were digitally photographed and analyzed in a double blind study.
· All parameters differed significantly between African American and Caucasian skulls.
· Suprisingly, the left condyloid process was significantly larger than the right condyloid process (p<0.001).
· The distance from the anterior border of the grooved edge of the ramus to the foramen was significantly higher in females than males (p<0.001), contrary to our expectations.
· This provides insight into the position of the foramen and impacts treatment approaches in dental anesthesia.