Longitudinal Outcomes of Community-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Efforts (Troy Community Coalition)

Zimmerman-Oster, Kathleen, Kimberly LaBara, and Merry Roberts

In 1991, a group of dedicated community leaders, known as the Troy Community Coalition (TCC), applied for a federal grant from the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, a branch of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and was awarded a five-year grant to promote substance abuse prevention and develop a comprehensive prevention plan for Troy. The grant provided for a Coalition office, staff, community education, and a comprehensive needs assessment and evaluation of its efforts. Above all, it gave the community the resources to build a strong Coalition, which includes all sectors of the community working together to meet the challenge of substance abuse. Subsequently, the TCC received funding for two consecutive five-year grants from the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (1997 to 2010).

As a requirement of federal funding, the TCC is required to collect data annually on social indicators to track the outcomes associated with their prevention efforts. The initial needs assessment strategies included several components including the first implementation in 1991 of the “Troy Student Survey” developed and administered by the Troy School District. This tool assessed student attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors regarding ATOD. The survey was administered to all students in attendance in grades 8 through 12 and included elements from the Michigan Alcohol and Other Drug School Survey and the National Senior High School Survey. A review of the successful longitudinal results over the past 17 years on the reduction of teen alcohol and tobacco use will be provided.

In addition, outcome data collected from several other sources including: Social Indicators Reports, Police Department Data, Youth Dialog Day Transcripts and Surveys, Key Leader Surveys, Adult Surveys, Coalition Dynamics Surveys, Community Readiness Surveys, and Coalition Capacity Assessments will also be provided.