Effectiveness of Cardiac Robotic Surgery: A Literature Review

Dzeroogian, Amy, and Joyce Conley

Coronary artery disease is the single largest cause of mortality and cause of disability in both men and women in the United States. Persons unable to improve coronary artery disease risk factors will suffer major coronary artery events such as heart attack and stroke and eventually have to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) for revascularization of major occluded vessels.

Traditional CABG surgery is a major operation with many complications and involves a very long recovery. In the 1990s, minimally invasive cardiac robotic surgery techniques have been made available in a limited number of hospitals as another option for those patients who qualify. Research has shown that recovery time for the patient undergoing minimally invasive CABG surgery is shorter and postoperative pain is less severe than compared with traditional open heart surgery.

This power point presentation explores current literature on minimally invasive cardiac robotic surgery and the advantages and disadvantages to the open heart patient.