Save a Tooth ... Save a Life: Dental Pulp Stems and Their Curative Properties

Brooker, Rebecca, Rebecca Hall, and Ashley Jewell

PURPOSE

The purpose of our table clinic is, through a review of literature, to compare and contrast the benefits and drawbacks of using dental pulp stem cells for the treatment of illnesses. It has been hypothesized that dental pulp stem cells would be as effective in treating illnesses when compared to other stem cells currently in use such as bone marrow stem cells and embryonic stem cells.

SUMMARY

In today‟s media, stem cells are an everyday topic of discussion with regards to their usefulness, current research, and ethical boundaries. There are three defining characteristics that all stem cells share: self-renewal, multipotentency, and the ability to regenerate after transplantation. Current stem cells being used clinically, such as bone marrow and embryonic stem cells, have proven to be successful, however they leave room for improvement. Stem cells derived from dental pulp have become the new advancement that is needed in this field. Research has shown, dental pulp stem cells are capable of differentiation into multiple cell types which differs from other stem cell origins. Based on previous research the interest in using dental pulp stem cells has escalated due to ease in management of cells and little controversy being raised about harvesting.

CONCLUSION

Stems cells found in dental pulp have extremely important curative properties in the fields of dentistry and medicine. Current research has jump started the use of dental pulp stem cells that can be effectively used in helping treat many common illnesses. Future research regarding their value and range is necessary in order to grasp the full potential of dental pulp stem cells.