The Relationship Between Depression, Residents' Death and Job Satisfaction in Long Term Care Facilities

Osley, Annie, Lavora Cook, Luminita Dumitru, Sharon Juillet, Maria Ojiobianu, Joyweena Shelton, Chen Shenh-Hsien, and Carla Groh

Introduction

The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between depression, residences‟ death and job satisfaction in long term care facilities. We will also be exploring other predictors of job satisfaction, such as age, work unit, shift, length of time worked in long term care, education, marital status, and job title.

Method

A convenience, cross-sectional sample was recruited from Presbyterian Village of Michigan (PVM), Redford campus. Data were collected using a survey format. Flyers were posted in break rooms, mailboxes and nurses station encouraging staff who met the inclusion criteria to attend a session explaining the study. The researchers met with potential subjects, described the study, obtained informed consent, and distributed the survey for completion. Surveys were completed and returned during the session. The surveys consisted of three general areas: depression, residences' death and job satisfaction. Depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire- 9 (PHQ- 9) and job satisfaction was measured by the Measure of Job Satisfaction (MJS) Questionnaire (Chou, Boldy & Lee, 2002). The instrument used to evaluate the experience of caring for dying residents and staff perception of a “good death” were developed by the researchers based on the review of literature.

Results

Thirty-two surveys were completed and returned. Data will be analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson correlations, and multiple regressions.

Conclusion

The results of this study has the potential to guide administration in designing strategies to improve the retention of direct care staff, and provide insight into possible areas for educational and training opportunities.