Put on a Happy Face: Eye Movement Processes During an Emotion Recognition Task for Human Faces

Boyle, Mellisa, Mindee Juve, Ellen Day, Barry Dauphin, Cheryl Munday, and Harold Greene

The present study addressed whether there are differences in EM indices across stimuli depicting different facial emotions, as measured by number of fixations, fixation durations, saccade amplitude, initial saccade latency, and initial saccade amplitude in addition to the accuracy of emotion identification. Results indicated significant differences among the emotions for average number of fixations, average fixation durations, and accuracy. Visual processing of facial emotions differs depending on the emotion being viewed. Happy faces were responded to utilizing fewer number of fixations and were most accurately identified.