Traffic Death Profile of Low and Medium Income Countries

Gsouda, Nouri, and Utpal Dutta

Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people aged 15–29. More than 3,400 people die each day on the world’s roads, and the cost of dealing with the consequences of these road traffic crashes runs to billions of dollars. According to World Health Organization (WHO) by 2030 road traffic deaths will become the fifth leading cause of death unless urgent action is taken. The purpose of this study is to examine the traffic death profile of low and medium income level countries and develop crash index. WHO has defined low, medium and high income countries based on the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. Countries with GNI per capita up to $1,045, between $1,046 to $12,745 and higher than $12,745 has been designated as low, medium and high income level countries respectively. In 2013, WHO has collected traffic death data of 52 low, 98 medium and 30 high income countries.

 

The research is intended to address following questions:

 

  1. Is Gross National Income (GNI) of a country related to traffic death?
  2. Is traffic death involving pedestrian related to the population?
  3. Is traffic death involving pedestrian related to the vehicle registration per unit of population?
  4. Is income level of a country related to traffic death involving pedestrian?
  5. Is traffic death involving pedestrian related to infrastructure (such as one way/two way /divided roadway etc.) in case of low and medium income level countries?

 

Preliminary data have been collected and by using Geographic Information System (GIS) the related geodatabase is established.  We are using geodatabase to study and analyze the traffic death problem. This effort will assist us in developing crash index.