Shared Learning Shared Precepting Pilot - Pharmacy and Physician Assistant Student Interprofessional Education

Chackunkal, Seema, Stephanie Gilkey, Anthony Pattin, Amy Dereczyk, Richard Lucarotti, and Mary Beth O'Connell

Purpose

Improve team skills to work collaboratively to assess, identify and resolve patient needs, and counsel patients on care plan.

Objective

Evaluate interprofessional education (IPE) program learning and student and preceptor satisfaction.

Method

Six pharmacy (Wayne State University) and six physician assistant students (University of Detroit Mercy) were geographically paired.

Students and preceptors watched an orientation video.

Students practiced together for a day in a community pharmacy and a day in a medical clinic or emergency room (ER).

 Students evaluated their team performance at each day end.

Preceptors provided feedback and rated team function.

Assessment tools - Investigator developed surveys 

Student program survey - 25 Likert, 5 yes/no, 3 demographic and 1 text items

Preceptor team rating - 1 Likert and 3 open-ended items

Students completed anonymous post-program surveys on Qualtrics.

Students and preceptors attended separate dinner debriefs moderated by investigators.

Descriptive and Mann Whitney U statistics (SPSS v22) were used. 

Research was IRB approved. 

Results

Students

 4th year student pharmacists on community pharmacy rotation

5 women and 1 man

2nd year physician assistant students on clinic or ER rotation

4 women and 2 men

Preceptor Student Team Evaluation

Preceptors rated team functioning as 9 or 10 out of 10.

Individual student feedback comments were limited.

Debriefings

Students described learning and were positive about program.

Preceptor comments supported program expansion.

Ideas for Program Improvements

Better orientation for students and preceptors.

Clearer team functioning expectations.

Decrease travel distances to new site.

Conclusions

This IPE pilot resulted in students learning about team functioning, team care, and discipline roles.

Preceptors and some students wanted program continued.

The program will be expanded to two days at each site.

Orientation will be improved and expectations better communicated.

A formal team functioning curriculum will be added.