Seeing Spots in the D? A Research Study Investigating the Incidence of White Spot Lesions Following Fixed Orthodontic Treatment Amongst the African-American Population Treated by the University of Detroit Mercy Orthodontic Clinic Serving the Detroit Metro Area

Standhardt, Whitney, Natalie Flandorfer, and Emily Zammit

The objective of this patient-records based study was to determine the incidence of the initial stages of decalcified enamel, known as white spot lesions, seen in the African-American population in the greater Detroit metro area after receiving complete fixed appliance orthodontic treatment at the University of Detroit Mercy Orthodontic Clinic.