UNDERSTANDING SUSTAINABILITY: BECAUSE TOMORROW MATTERS
Dr Nassif Rayess
Dr Utpal Dutta
The design criteria of goods or tangible products have transcended beyond the traditional goals of functionality, cost, aesthetics, quality, and safety and now take or seek to take into consideration environmental objectives, incorporated at the early design stage of the product (eco design).
The use of different materials and processes to manufacture a product not only affect how its hitherto established functional objectives can be achieved, but also, how its impact on the environment (such as CO2) can be reduced to protect the environment. The theme of the research is to design an environmental audit process that will highlight the impact categories and compute CO2 traces /footprints of products considering its various life cycle stages, using “sustainableminds software”.
To develop a detailed model of possible outcomes that analyzes the environmental effects of products using eco-design philosophy which seeks to design products based on the fundamentals of
· Life cycle thinking: - environmental effects of a product from its raw materials acquisition, processing, use, and disposal after use.
· Seeking to eliminate or reduce the environmental impact of a product at the design stage which could possibly lead to cost savings, enhanced profits, product innovation, and the added benefit of reducing its environmental impact over its life cycle .
· Adding environmental performance of a product as an additional design requirements.