Atwan,Salwa, Faika Abdelmegid, and Fouad Salama
The aim of this study was to evaluate an infant oral health interprofessional education program for medical residents. METHODS: The study involved training medical residents about infant oral health care and assessing their knowledge before and after the training in a nonequivalent control group design.
Participants were given an assessment in the form of a questionnaire which they completed immediately before and after the introduction of an educational presentation intervention program. A 16-item (True/False/Don’t Know and multiple choice) questionnaire based on information presented in the lecture and video was designed to assess residents’ knowledge of these important aspects of infant oral health. The questionnaire was given immediately before and after the educational intervention. Statistical differences between individual scores and total scores on the knowledge-based questionnaire were evaluated by comparing correct answers of post-pre test score difference using a paired t-test.
An analysis of covariance was completed to examine differences in knowledge and potentially confounding factors including age, gender, residency year, extent of previous training.
RESULTS: Only 15.6% reported formal or informal training in infant oral health while 84.4% had no training. The average score on the pre-test was 10.09 out of 16 (SD 1.65), which increased to 13.31 out of 16 (SD 1.84) on the post test. This difference was significant (p-value <0.001). Study participants scored very well on questions regarding causes of caries and possible complications and outcomes of caries. They scored poorly, however, on questions about when children need fluoride supplements and correct dosages for fluoride supplements.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the effectiveness of a PowerPoint and Video presentation to train medical residents in basic information on infant oral health. Study participants reported great interest, a gain in knowledge and that this information will change their daily practice activities in infant oral health.