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MARCHEN

ONCE THERE WAS A KING WHO HAD THREE SONS AND THEY WERE ALL
BELOVED. BEHIND THE KING'S PALACE THERE WAS A LARGE AREA WITH
SILKEN GRASS. THE GUARDS TOLD THE KING THAT THEY SAW A MYSTER-
IOUS ANIMAL GRAZE THERE, A BEAUTIFUL WHITE STALLION, BUT THEY
COULD NEVER CATCH IT. THE ELDEST SON OF THE KING GOT PERMISSION
FROM HS FATHER TO TRY TO CAPTURE THE STALLION. AS HE WAS GOING
HE MET A LITTLE MOUSE. THE MOUSE ASKED FOR A LITTLE SOMETHING
TO EAT BUT THE SON TOLD HIM TO GET AWAY. THE ELDEST SON LAID
DOWN IN THE GRASS TO WAIT FOR THE HORSE, BUT A SOFT MILD WIND
LULLED HIM TO SLEEP AND WHEN HE WOKE UP IT WAS VERY LATE. EXACTLY
THE SAME THING HAPPENED WITH THE SECOND SON. FINALLY, AFTER MUCH
PLEADING THE YOUNGEST SON WAS ALLOWED TO GO. THE LITTLE MOUSE
ASKED HIM FOR SOME FOOD AND THE BOY GAVE HIM SOME FROM HIS POCKET.
AS HE RODE AWAY THE LITTLE MOUSE SAID, "A GOOD DEED DESERVES A
GOOD DEED" BUT THE BOY COULDN'T UNDERSTAND HOW A LITTLE MOUSE
COULD EVER DO ANYTHING FOR HIM. THE PRINCE LAID DOWN IN THE
GRASS AND HE TOO WAS LULLED ASLEEP BY THE SOFT, MILD WIND. BUT
THE MOUSE NIBBLED ON HIS EAR AND WOKE HIM UP. WHEN HE WOKE UP
HE SAW THE BEAUTIFUL HORSE. HE JUMPED UP ON THE HORSE'S BACK AND
RIGHT AWAY. THE HORSE DISAPPEARED AND THERE WAS A BEAUTIFUL GIRL,
THE FAIRYLIKE ILONA. SHE EXPLAINED TO THE PRINCE THAT SHE HAD
BEEN TRANSFORMED. SHE HAD NEEDED SOMEONE TO STAY AWAKE TO MOUNT
HER. THE KING TOLD HIS SON THAT HE COULD MARRY THE GIRL AND HE
GAVE THEM A BIG WEDDING.
"HERE'S THE END, NOW RUN AWAY WITH IT."

Submitter comment: DR. DAMIN LEARNED THIS STORY FROM HER MOTHER IN HUNGARY. SHE
SAYS THAT MOST OF THE TALES SHE HEARD AS A CHILD ENDED WITH THIS
TRADITIONAL ENDING TRANSLATED FROM THE HUNGARIAN.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Mammal
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Magic
BELIEF -- Marriage

Date learned: 01-00-1964

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TALE

A BOY AND HIS SISTER ARE WALKING THROUGH A FOREST AND THEY CAME TO
A STREAM. THE BOY BENDS OVER TO TAKE A DRINK BUT THE GIRL TELLS
HIM NOT TO BECAUSE IT'S ENCHANTED. HE DIDN'T LISTEN TO HER AND HE
TURNED INTO A DEER. SHE TOOK A LITTLE BELL AND PUT IT AROUND HIS
NECK AND THEY WENT TO LIVE IN A COTTAGE BY THE EDGE OF THE FOREST.
FOR A LONG TIME EVERYBODY TRIES TO KILL THE DEER BECAUSE IT IS
SUCH A BEAUTY. ONE DAY THE OLD KING DIED AND HIS YOUNG SON BECAME
KING. HE DECIDED HE WAS GOING TO CAPTURE THE DEER AND HAVE HIM
FOR A BANQUET. SO HE SENT OUT SPIES TO FIND OUT WHERE IT WAS THAT
THE DEER ALWAYS DISAPPEARED TO. THE SPIES SAID THAT THE DEER
ALWAYS WENT INTO A COTTAGE BY THE EDGE OF THE FOREST.
ONE DAY THE GIRL HAD GONE OUT TO GET SOME FOOD. WHEN SHE CAME
BACK SHE SAW THAT THERE HAD BEEN A STRUGGLE IN THE COTTAGE AND THE
LITTLE BELL WAS LYING ON THE FLOOR. SHE DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DO
BUT A BIRD TOLD HER THAT THE DEER HAD BEEN TAKEN TO THE CASTLE FOR
A BANQUET. SHE HURRIED TO THE KING, FORCED HER WAY PAST ALL THE
GUARDS, AND TOLD THE YOUNG KING THE WHOLE STORY. HE SAID, "HOW
CAN YOU PROVE IT?" SO SHE ASKED HIM TO TAKE HER TO THE DEER.
WHEN THE DEER SAW HER HE RUSHED RIGHT UP AND STARTED LICKING HER.
HE HAD BEEN MEAN TO EVERYONE ELSE SO THE KING KNEW SHE WAS TELLING
THE TRUTH. THE KING SENT OUT HIS SPIES TO CATCH THE OLD WITCH WHO
HAD ENCHANTED THE FOREST. THEY CAUGHT HER AND JUST BEFORE THEY
KILLED HER, HER IRON NOSE FELL OFF. AS SOON AS IT DID THE DEER
WAS CHANGED INTO A BOY AGAIN. THE KING DECIDED TO MARRY THE GIRL
AND THAT'S THE END OF THE STORY.

Submitter comment: MISS DAMIN'S HUNGARIAN GRANDMOTHER TOLD HER THIS TALE WHEN SHE
WAS A YOUNG GIRL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HUNGARY ; DETROIT

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Witch Shaman
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Magic
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Man
BELIEF -- Mammal

Date learned: 01-00-1964

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TALE: CLEVER ALICE

THERE WAS A YOUNG GIRL NAMED ALICE WHO WAS GETTING MARRIED. SHE
WENT DOWN TO THE CELLAR TO GET SOME WINE AND WAS GONE FOR A VERY
LONG TIME. FINALLY HER FATHER SENT THE MAID DOWN TO FIND OUT
WHAT WAS WRONG. THE MAID SAW ALICE SITTING THE THE CELLAR CRYING
AND ASKED HER WHAT WAS THE MATTER. ALICE SAID, "SEE THAT AXE
STUCK IN THE BEAM IN THE CEILING? ONE DAY OUR SON WILL COME DOWN
HERE, THE AXE WILL FALL DOWN AND CHOP HIS HEAD OFF." THE MAID
SAID, "TRULY YOU ARE CLEVER, ALICE," AND SHE TOO SAT DOWN AND
STARTED CRYING. WELL, PRETTY SOON THE BUTLER WENT DOWN TO FIND
OUT ABOUT THE MAID, THEN THE MOTHER, FATHER, AND FINALLY THE
BRIDEGROOM. THE SAME THING HAPPENED TO ALL OF THEM. THE BRIDE-
GROOM SAID, "TRULY YOU ARE CLEVER, ALICE. LET'S GO UP AND GET
MARRIED RIGHT NOW."
THEY GOT MARRIED AND ALICE TURNED OUT TO BE THE TYPE THAT SAID TO
HERSELF, "SHALL I BAKE OR DUST? I DON'T KNOW, SO I'LL SLEEP FOR
A WHILE." SO SHE WOULD FALL ASLEEP ALL DAY AND NEVER HAVE ANY
WORK DONE WHEN HER HUSBAND CAME HOME. ONE DAY HER HUSBAND TOLD
HER TO GO ROUND UP THE GEESE. WHEN SHE GOT OUTSIDE SHE SAID TO
HERSELF, "SHALL I ROUND UP THE GEESE OR FIX MY HAIR?" SHE SAT
DOWN TO THINK IT OVER AND FELL ASLEEP IN THE HAYLOFT. HER HUSBAND
GOT WORRIED AND WENT TO FIND HER. WHEN HE FOUND HER SLEEPING IN
THE HAYLOFT HE PUT A HAIR NET WITH BELLS ON HER HEAD. WHEN SHE
WOKE UP AND HEARD THE BELLS SHE WENT BACK TO THE HOUSE. SHE
KNOCKED AND ASKED FOR CLEVER ALICE. THE HUSBAND SAID, "YES,
SHE'S ASLEEP IN HER BED." THEN ALICE SAID, "WELL THEN, WHO AM
I?" THE HUSBAND SAID HE DIDN'T KNOW. SO ALICE USED TO GO FROM
DOOR TO DOOR ASKING WHO SHE WAS, AND SHE HAS NEVER BEEN HEARD OF
SINCE.

Submitter comment: MISS DAMIN HEARD THIS TALE FROM HER HUNGARIAN GRANDMOTHER, MRS.
JOSEPHNE (JOSEPHINE?) DAMIN, WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HUNGARY ; DETROIT

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Ordinary Tale
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Stupid man or woman
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Daily Life
BELIEF -- Marriage

Date learned: 01-00-1964

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RIDDLE

Q: I HAVE TWO HOLES AND I NEED TWO FINGERS, THEN I MAKE FROM BIG
WHAT SHOULD BE LITTLE AND RIP EVERYTHING UP THAT SHOULDN'T BE
TOGETHER. WHAT AM I?
A: SCISSORS.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Keyword(s): ACTIONS (Q) ; NUMBERS ; PARTS OF THE BODY (Q)

Subject headings: RIDDLE -- True Riddle

Date learned: 00-00-1897

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LENTEN CUSTOM

ON ASH WEDNESDAY IN HUNGARY, THE BOYS DRESS AS COUPLES AND BLACKEN
THEIR FACES. THEY ARE ACCOMPANIED BY A BRASS BAND AND GO FROM
HOUSE TO HOUSE AND COLLECT DOUGHNUTS FROM ALL SINGLE GIRLS
LIVING THERE.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Keyword(s): RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Monday

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A REMEDY FOR THE MUMPS IS TO RUB GOOSE FAT ON YOUR NECK,
WRAP A HEAVY SOCK AROUND IT
AND LEAVE IT THERE OVERNIGHT.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Remedy

Date learned: 00-00-1918

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WEATHER BELIEF

IF THE SUNSET SINKS INTO A RED BAG IT WILL BE WINDY AND STORMY.

Submitter comment: TORGL, SHIRLEY

Where learned: HUNGARY

Keyword(s): WEATHER

Subject headings: PROVERB -- Weather Proverb

Date learned: 00-00-1910

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On Christmas Eve, we sing Menybol az Angyal, a Hungarian
religious song that announces the arrival of the Christmas Tree
brought by the angels.

Submitter comment: My mother learned this from her mother in the 1940's

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Religious
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas tree
BELIEF -- Angel

Date learned: 00001940S

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On Christmas Eve, we always open our gifts that were brought
by the Christ Child, not Santa.

Submitter comment: This has been a tradition and a belief in our family.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Gifts, gift giving at Christmas
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 00001940S

View just this record

Every first of the month, say Pink Rabbits, Pink Rabbits, Pink
Rabbits and it will bring you good luck in the coming month. It
has to be the first words out of your mouth in the morning.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: --
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- April 1 April Fools
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- April 1 (April Fool's Day)
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May 1 May Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- July 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- August 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- September 1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F100

Date learned: 00001950S

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Song and Dance

Gypsy music- Hungarians celebrate and mourn to the sounds of
the violin played by the Gypsies. The folk dances are danced by
the peasants in the villages.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Music
BELIEF -- P439

Date learned: 00001950S

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St. Nicholas Day

The night before December 6th, polish your shoes and put them
in front of your bedroom door. St. Nicholas will come and put
cookies, walnuts, oranges, chocolate, sticks, and coal in your
shoes. The coal is given if you are a bad person or did something
bad.

Submitter comment: My mother learned this from her parents in the 40s, and now
it's a custom in our family.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 00001940S

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The biggest meal is served at lunchtime. At dinner, a small
sandwich is served or a snack of some kind. Everyday cooking is
considered gourmet.

Submitter comment: This schedule is followed by family and relatives.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Eating For menu, see N222.
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Noon mealsDinnerLunch
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Night mealsSupper

Date learned: 00001940S

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On New Year's Day, I make a big pot of split pea soup and that
brings good luck for the coming year.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 00001950S

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When you bake a fresh loaf of bread or get a loaf that has not
yet been cut, make the sign of the cross in the bottom before you
slice it.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: Favorites
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert Bread, rolls, etc.
BELIEF -- P681 P681.1
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 00001950S

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ON EASTER MONDAY IN HUNGARY, THE BOYS HAVE THE CUSTOM
TO GO AROUND THE SPRINKLE THE GIRLS WITH ROSE WATER
IN ORDER THAT THEY MIGHT HAVE A PROMISING FUTURE.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus

Date learned: 00-00-1918

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MY MOTHER WOULD TELL OF A NEW MOTHER IN THEIR TOWN IN AUSTRIA-
HUNGARY WHOSE NEW-BORN BABY CRIED CONTINUOUSLY AND WOULD NEVER BE
QUIET. THE NEW MOTHER WAS BECOMING VERY UPSET AND NERVOUS BY ALL
THE SCREAMING AND CRYING AND CRYING AND CARRYING-ON. AN OLD GYPSY
HEARD THE SCREAMING ONE DAY AND CAME UP TO THE HOUSE TO ASK IF THE
MOTHER WANTED THE BABY TO BE QUIET AND CRY ONLY WHEN HUNGRY OR WET,
AND THAT THE OLD GYPSY COULD STOP THE GENERAL CRYING. THE MOTHER
SAID YES AND WAS TOLD THAT SHE WOULD HAVE TO LEAVE THE OLD WOMAN
ALONE WITH THE BABY FOR A WHILE. THE MOTHER LEFT THE OLD WOMAN WITH
THE BABY IN THE HOUSE AND WENT OUTSIDE TO WAIT. A WHILE LATER THE
OLD GYPSY WOMAN CAME OUT WITH THE BABY AND THE BABY WAS QUIET AND
CONTENTED. THE MOTHER ASKED WHAT SHE HAD DONE WITH THE BABY, AND
THE GYPSY REPLIED THAT SHE HAD TAKEN SPIT AND RUBBED IT ON THE
BABY'S EYES WHILE SAYING SOME WORDS AND THAT THE BABY WOULD NOW BE
FINE. IT WAS JUST AS SHE SAID AND AFTER THAT THE BABY ONLY CRIED
WHEN IT WAS HUNGRY OR NEEDED TO BE CHANGED.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: OHIO ; HUNGARY ; AUSTRIA ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: Favorites
PROSE NARRATIVE -- B439
BELIEF -- Curer

Date learned: 09-10-1972

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MALIGNANT WIND

IN AUSTRIA-HUNGARY, IN MY PARENTS HOME VILLAGE, THERE WAS A CROSS-
ROADS WITH A SIGNPOST THAT GAVE DIRECTIONS TO LARGE NEIGHBORING
TOWNS. PEOPLE WOULD NEVER GO THERE AROUND SUNSET OR DURING THE
NIGHT BECAUSE OF WHAT THEY DESCRIBED AS A TERRIFIC WIND THAT WOULD
BUFFET YOU, TEAR YOUR CLOTHES, KNOCK YOU DOWN, GIVE YOU BRUISES,
ETC. ONE EVENING THE VILLAGE PRIEST WAS RETURNING FROM VISITING
A SICK PERSON OUT IN THE FOREST AND APPROACHED THE CROSSROADS JUST
AFTER SUNSET. WHEN HE REACHED THEM, A HUGE WIND THREW HIM DOWN,
AND PHYSICALLY INJURED HIM. THE PRIEST ONLY SURVIVED BY CRAWLING
TO THE SIGNPOST AND HANGING ON. THE PEOPLE FOUND HIM BADLY INJURED
THE NEXT MORNING, STILL CLINGING TO THE POST. AFTER HE RECOVERED
HE WENT TO THE CROSSROADS NEAR SUNSET WITH SOME OF THE VILLAGERS.
THEY HAD A LARGE WOODEN CRUCIFIX THAT THEY SET UP NEXT TO THE SIGN-
POST. THE PRIEST WAS BLESSING THE CRUCIFIX AND THE ROADWAYS WHEN
THE STRONG WIND CAME UP AND TRIED TO TEAR THE CRUCIFIX DOWN AND
HURT THE PEOPLE. BUT AS IT STARTED SHAKING THE CRUCIFIX IT SUDDENLY
DIED OUT. NO ONE WAS EVER BOTHERED AGAIN.

Where learned: OHIO ; HUNGARY ; AUSTRIA ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: Favorites
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Wind Whirlwind Hurricane Cyclone Tornado
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Product or activity of man or animal
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 09-10-1972

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IF A DOG HOWLS WITH HIS HEAD POINTED DOWN, SOMEONE IS GOING
TO DIE.
IF A DOG HOWLS WITH HIS HEAD POINTED UP, THERE WILL BE
A FIRE IN THE AREA.

Where learned: HUNGARY

James Callow Keyword(s): POSITION DIRECTION

Subject headings: Observation
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Use of Object Animals

Date learned: 00-00-1910

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IF YOU WANT TO SAY SOMETHING BUT FORGET IT RIGHT AWAY,
IT MUST HAVE BEEN A LIE.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal P477.8

Date learned: 00-00-1897

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