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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.

Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech describing the current situation in the new colony of Monrovia in Liberia, Africa. The speaker emphasized the positive aspects of an abundance of natural resources, a freedom based society and a just government available there. (speech 23971 is a duplicate of this speech)

Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,524 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon in which the speaker compares the plight of those held in bondage in the U.S. with the experiences of slaves in ancient Egypt. The speaker believed that it was God's Will that the people of Africa should be converted to Christianity.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 6,407 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Lengthy speech given as the annual oration on Independence Day in Liberia, Monrovia. The speaker emphasized the advances in Monrovia's economy, industry, resources and education of its people made since its humble beginnings.

Description of file(s): PDF 46 page, 12,594 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library

Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.

Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon regarding the important role of God and religion in government. The speaker addressed issues of slavery and society throughout the history of the world.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 5,823 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Overview of speech regarding the conditions of African Americans given before an English audience. The speaker stressed the appeal of England to those of African descent.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,635 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.

Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech given during a celebration held in honor of a battle the colonists fought with native Africans in December, 1822. The focus of the speech was on the responsibilities of the founding fathers in establishing the moral, ethical, and social regulations of a new colony like Monrovia in Africa. He emphasized that what the founding fathers establish now would affect the citizens of these colonies for generations to come. It is important, then, to lay a positive foundation now. (this speech is combined with speech 27949 and published as speech number 27139)

Description of file(s): PDF 22 page, 9,150 word document (text and images)

Title: Alfred M. Green

Speaker or author: Green, Alfred M..

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1979) Vol. 1, pp. 139-166

Eloquent, rational, and meaningful speech delivered before the Convention of the Colored People of Pennsylvania expressing a legal argument for civil rights. The speaker asked that African Americans be given their civil rights, be allowed to vote, hold jobs equal to those of the white population, and be given the opportunity to prove themselves worthy citizens of the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 480 word document (text and image)

Title: Austin Steward

Speaker or author: Steward, Austin

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Onondaga County Public Library [Coles, Howard W., The Cradle of Freedom, (1941), pp. 23-26]

At the termination of slavery in the U.S., the speaker reflected on what had been an accepted economic mainstay in the system of slavery and what potential for change was now available for all U.S. citizens. He urged his audience to take advantage of the opportunity to prosper by adopting a Christian lifestyle, avoiding "hard spirits," and focusing on civil rights.

Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,307 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Brief eulogy given for Lorenzo Dow Taylor who had been an integral part of the convention held in Ohio since it began.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,437 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- State Historical Society of Wisconsin -- Pamphlet Collection

Eloquent speech delivered before a court about to pronounce sentence on the speaker for his actions in working against the Fugitive Slave Law. After his impassioned call for reason, justice, and humanity in the exercising of the Fugitive Slave Law, the speaker was fined $100 and sentenced to 20 days in jail.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 4,108 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Brief speech expressing the speaker's agreement that the U. S. government is based on a pro-slavery ideal.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 396 word document (text and image)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Boston Public Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Brief speech supporting a resolution that denounced slaveholding. He emphasized that education was the key to ending the contradiction evident in a country established in freedom but depending for its survival on slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 491 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- E. G. Bormann, Ed., Forerunners of Black Power, p. 166-173

Speech delivered amidst fears of the dissolution of the Union based on racial tension and issues of hatred and slavery. (Speech 15303 is a duplicate of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 3,293 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles W. Gardner

Speaker or author: Gardner, Charles

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Fourth Annual Report of the American Anti-Slavery Society, pp. 11-15

Speech given regarding the possible positive results of immediate emancipation, and how freed slaves will live in and contribute to society.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 3,084 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Williamson

Speaker or author: Williamson, Charles, fl. 1852

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1980) Vol. 2, pp. 42-49

Speech expressing an encouragement for free black citizens to colonize Africa. The speaker said he had traveled to various countries and no other country offered a better opportunity for freed slaves than Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 326 word document (text and image)

Title: D. P. Stokes

Speaker or author: Stokes, D. P.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University, Cambridge -- Rare Books and Manuscripts

The speaker stressed that free black citizens should be able to hold more positions as farmers, mechanics, banking clerks and store owners. He believed that with the help of those present at the convention, African Americans in California could achieve success in realizing their own potential in these areas.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 546 word document (text and images)

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Records (109)

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