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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.

Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech describing the current situation in the new colony of Monrovia in Liberia, Africa. The speaker emphasized the positive aspects of an abundance of natural resources, a freedom based society and a just government available there. (speech 23971 is a duplicate of this speech)

Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,524 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon in which the speaker compares the plight of those held in bondage in the U.S. with the experiences of slaves in ancient Egypt. The speaker believed that it was God's Will that the people of Africa should be converted to Christianity.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 6,407 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Lengthy speech given as the annual oration on Independence Day in Liberia, Monrovia. The speaker emphasized the advances in Monrovia's economy, industry, resources and education of its people made since its humble beginnings.

Description of file(s): PDF 46 page, 12,594 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library

Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.

Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon regarding the important role of God and religion in government. The speaker addressed issues of slavery and society throughout the history of the world.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 5,823 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Overview of speech regarding the conditions of African Americans given before an English audience. The speaker stressed the appeal of England to those of African descent.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,635 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.

Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech given during a celebration held in honor of a battle the colonists fought with native Africans in December, 1822. The focus of the speech was on the responsibilities of the founding fathers in establishing the moral, ethical, and social regulations of a new colony like Monrovia in Africa. He emphasized that what the founding fathers establish now would affect the citizens of these colonies for generations to come. It is important, then, to lay a positive foundation now. (this speech is combined with speech 27949 and published as speech number 27139)

Description of file(s): PDF 22 page, 9,150 word document (text and images)

Title: Alfred M. Green

Speaker or author: Green, Alfred M..

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1979) Vol. 1, pp. 139-166

Eloquent, rational, and meaningful speech delivered before the Convention of the Colored People of Pennsylvania expressing a legal argument for civil rights. The speaker asked that African Americans be given their civil rights, be allowed to vote, hold jobs equal to those of the white population, and be given the opportunity to prove themselves worthy citizens of the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 480 word document (text and image)

Title: Austin Steward

Speaker or author: Steward, Austin

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Onondaga County Public Library [Coles, Howard W., The Cradle of Freedom, (1941), pp. 23-26]

At the termination of slavery in the U.S., the speaker reflected on what had been an accepted economic mainstay in the system of slavery and what potential for change was now available for all U.S. citizens. He urged his audience to take advantage of the opportunity to prosper by adopting a Christian lifestyle, avoiding "hard spirits," and focusing on civil rights.

Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,307 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: To the Black Republicans of America.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The editor sends an open note to his readers asking for their support by subscribing to the newspaper.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: The Siege of Mobile.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The writer relates the conditions in Mobile, Alabama after it was occupied by the Union army following a battle there.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: The Editor's Address. The Black Republican.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The editor welcomes his readers to the first issue of the newspaper. He briefly explains the goals, benefits and mission of the paper.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: The Suffrage Question.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The editor discusses the right of suffrage and a recent government petition regarding this signed by five thousand African Americans.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Our Old Colored Ministers.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The writer responds to a suggestion that the older ministers of the Church be replaced by younger men.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: The Duty of Colored Men in Louisiana.

Title: Black Republican - April 15, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The editor encourages his readers to not take freedom lightly but to work to justify the righteousness of it with a focus on education, honesty, industry, temperance, and religion.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Colored Suffrage in Rhode Island. Edward Harris and Rowland G. Hazard.

Title: Black Republican - April 22, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The writer discusses two candidates who are running for Governor and Lieutenant Governor in Rhode Island, a state that offers African Americans the right to vote.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Assassination of President Lincoln.

Title: Black Republican - April 22, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Black Republican (1865)

The writer responds to the death of Abraham Lincoln. He tells his readers that the same expression of social cruelty that subjected the country to slavery has taken the life of a great man.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

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Records (116)

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