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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.

Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech describing the current situation in the new colony of Monrovia in Liberia, Africa. The speaker emphasized the positive aspects of an abundance of natural resources, a freedom based society and a just government available there. (speech 23971 is a duplicate of this speech)

Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,524 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon in which the speaker compares the plight of those held in bondage in the U.S. with the experiences of slaves in ancient Egypt. The speaker believed that it was God's Will that the people of Africa should be converted to Christianity.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 6,407 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Lengthy speech given as the annual oration on Independence Day in Liberia, Monrovia. The speaker emphasized the advances in Monrovia's economy, industry, resources and education of its people made since its humble beginnings.

Description of file(s): PDF 46 page, 12,594 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library

Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.

Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy sermon regarding the important role of God and religion in government. The speaker addressed issues of slavery and society throughout the history of the world.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 5,823 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Overview of speech regarding the conditions of African Americans given before an English audience. The speaker stressed the appeal of England to those of African descent.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,635 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.

Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech given during a celebration held in honor of a battle the colonists fought with native Africans in December, 1822. The focus of the speech was on the responsibilities of the founding fathers in establishing the moral, ethical, and social regulations of a new colony like Monrovia in Africa. He emphasized that what the founding fathers establish now would affect the citizens of these colonies for generations to come. It is important, then, to lay a positive foundation now. (this speech is combined with speech 27949 and published as speech number 27139)

Description of file(s): PDF 22 page, 9,150 word document (text and images)

Title: Alfred M. Green

Speaker or author: Green, Alfred M..

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1979) Vol. 1, pp. 139-166

Eloquent, rational, and meaningful speech delivered before the Convention of the Colored People of Pennsylvania expressing a legal argument for civil rights. The speaker asked that African Americans be given their civil rights, be allowed to vote, hold jobs equal to those of the white population, and be given the opportunity to prove themselves worthy citizens of the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 480 word document (text and image)

Subtitle: Our Public Schools -- An Appeal to Parents.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer shares information with his readers regarding the alarming rate of truancy among school aged children. He asks parents to get involved and ensure that their children attend school. He emphasizes that a good education is beneficial to the social perception of the entire African American race.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Our Fifth Volume.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The editor sends a note of thanks to his readers for their support and continued readership. He tells them that the newspaper will improve and offer a continued focus on benefiting the African American community.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Revival of Slavery.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on an article published in a Nashville, Tennessee newspaper urging readers to vote for Governor Campbell and a return to the institution of slavery.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Should Black Men be Prejudice Against White Men?

Title: Anglo-African - August 26, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer tells his readers that while the white portion of the population is prejudiced against the black portion, the black portion feels no prejudice against the white. He emphasizes that what African Americans feel towards their white counterparts is actually a lack of trust and not prejudice.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Northern Humiliation and Southern Spirit.

Title: Anglo-African - August 26, 1965

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on the demeanor of Robert E. Lee as he surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. The writer notes that there was no humility in this surrender and it seemed to be based more on the South's inability to feed its troops than on any admission of wrong. This, he believes, leaves open the question of continuing the institution of slavery.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: The Thirty-Ninth Congress.

Title: Anglo-African - December 23, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on the proceedings of the first session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress. Debate about laws and civil rights for the newly freed slaves after Reconstruction made this session an important one.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: Thanks to God for Victory.

Title: Anglo-African - December 23, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer celebrates the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that abolishes slavery forever in the U.S. and provides for the protection of freedom for all citizens.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: New York, December 9, 1865. The Situation.

Title: Anglo-African - December 9, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer reported on conventions held in several states. He gave a brief overview of each.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: "He Who Defends Freedom is Worthy of All Its Franchises."

Title: Anglo-African - November 11, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

Brief note announcing a celebration to honor African Americans who fought in the Civil War.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

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Records (266)

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