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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

The speaker stressed the benefits of immigration to Liberia by free African Americans. He emphasized the potential for riches, quality education, and peaceful freedom that were available in Liberia.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 550 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

Overview of speech regarding the benefits of living in Liberia. The speaker painted a picture of a booming civilization with natural abundance and potential for economy growth and prosperity.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 1,020 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Overview of speech given in response to the speaker's welcome back to New York from his new home in Africa. The speaker emphasizes the positive condition of the new Liberian society he is helping to establish there.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 592 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

Lengthy speech describing the current conditions in Africa, the new colony in Monrovia and in Liberia. The speaker emphasized the abundance of natural resources, the stability of the freedom based government, and the availability of education to everyone. (Speech 24099 is a duplicate of this speech. Speech 24140 offers another version of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 5,852 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

The speaker offered a report on the progress being made in Liberia over the previous four years. Trade, education and immigration had increased, and the future for the country looked bright and hopeful.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 388 word document (text and image)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

The speaker encouraged immigration to Liberia for former slaves. He emphasized the future potential awaiting free African Americans in Africa that would not only benefit the country, but benefit the race.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 276 word document (text and image)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

Lengthy speech published in two issues of the African Repository newspaper (combined here into one speech). The speaker noted the similarities between the enslaved people in the U.S. and those enslaved in Israel and Egypt in ancient times. The speaker believed colonization of Africa offered the way to freedom. He emphasized the positive aspects of the new colonies in Monrovia and Liberia.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 5,353 word document (text and images)

Title: Alfred M. Green

Speaker or author: Green, Alfred M..

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1979) Vol. 1, pp. 139-166

Eloquent, rational, and meaningful speech delivered before the Convention of the Colored People of Pennsylvania expressing a legal argument for civil rights. The speaker asked that African Americans be given their civil rights, be allowed to vote, hold jobs equal to those of the white population, and be given the opportunity to prove themselves worthy citizens of the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 480 word document (text and image)

Title: Alfred M. Green

Speaker or author: Green, Alfred M.

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Overview of a rousing speech denouncing laws against freedom that were being enacted across the country. The speaker pays particular attention to encouraging the repeal of the Personal Liberty Law.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 382 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Our Public Schools -- An Appeal to Parents.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer shares information with his readers regarding the alarming rate of truancy among school aged children. He asks parents to get involved and ensure that their children attend school. He emphasizes that a good education is beneficial to the social perception of the entire African American race.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Our Fifth Volume.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The editor sends a note of thanks to his readers for their support and continued readership. He tells them that the newspaper will improve and offer a continued focus on benefiting the African American community.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Revival of Slavery.

Title: Anglo-African - August 12, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on an article published in a Nashville, Tennessee newspaper urging readers to vote for Governor Campbell and a return to the institution of slavery.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Should Black Men be Prejudice Against White Men?

Title: Anglo-African - August 26, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer tells his readers that while the white portion of the population is prejudiced against the black portion, the black portion feels no prejudice against the white. He emphasizes that what African Americans feel towards their white counterparts is actually a lack of trust and not prejudice.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Northern Humiliation and Southern Spirit.

Title: Anglo-African - August 26, 1965

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on the demeanor of Robert E. Lee as he surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. The writer notes that there was no humility in this surrender and it seemed to be based more on the South's inability to feed its troops than on any admission of wrong. This, he believes, leaves open the question of continuing the institution of slavery.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: The Thirty-Ninth Congress.

Title: Anglo-African - December 23, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer comments on the proceedings of the first session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress. Debate about laws and civil rights for the newly freed slaves after Reconstruction made this session an important one.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: Thanks to God for Victory.

Title: Anglo-African - December 23, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer celebrates the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that abolishes slavery forever in the U.S. and provides for the protection of freedom for all citizens.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: New York, December 9, 1865. The Situation.

Title: Anglo-African - December 9, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer reported on conventions held in several states. He gave a brief overview of each.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: "He Who Defends Freedom is Worthy of All Its Franchises."

Title: Anglo-African - November 11, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

Brief note announcing a celebration to honor African Americans who fought in the Civil War.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: New York, November 11, 1865. Reconstruction.

Title: Anglo-African - November 11, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer offers his views regarding the current governmental ideas on Reconstruction after the Civil War. He tells his readers that he speaks for all African Americans in saying that the country should work towards ensuring freedom for all and providing all American people with the rights of citizenship regardless of color.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: Colored Newspapers.

Title: Anglo-African - November 11, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The editor comments briefly on three African American newspapers published in the U.S. and Guiana.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

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Records (502)

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