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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (29)
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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten notes for speech regarding the speaker's idea that the colonization of Africa is part of God's plan. The speaker emphasized the potential for a quality life there doing God's work.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,412 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- State Historical Society of Wisconsin -- Pamphlet Collection

Eloquent speech delivered before a court about to pronounce sentence on the speaker for his actions in working against the Fugitive Slave Law. After his impassioned call for reason, justice, and humanity in the exercising of the Fugitive Slave Law, the speaker was fined $100 and sentenced to 20 days in jail.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 4,108 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Printed Copy -- Rhode Island Historical Society -- Newspaper Clipping File

The speaker came forward after the audience's call for Father Henson went unanswered. He said he hoped a defiant attitude toward ending the oppression of slavery would be the end result at the end of this convention.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 251 word document (text and image)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Printed Copy -- Rhode Island Historical Society -- Newspaper Clipping File

The speaker denounced the recent Dred Scott decision and emphasized the crisis this had created in the fight to end slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 199 word document (text and image)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Society

Speech against the plans of the American Colonization Society. The speaker expressed his belief that colonization was inspired by the institution of American slavery as a way of solving the issue of slavery without allowing freed slaves to become members of American society.

Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 3,577 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles W. Gardner

Speaker or author: Gardner, Charles

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Fourth Annual Report of the American Anti-Slavery Society, pp. 11-15

Speech given regarding the possible positive results of immediate emancipation, and how freed slaves will live in and contribute to society.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 3,084 word document (text and images)

Title: Edward Scott

Speaker or author: Scott, Edward, fl. 1857

Newspaper or publication: Printed Copy -- Rhode Island Historical Society -- Newspaper Clipping File

Speech delivered during a celebration on the anniversary of the emancipation of the British West Indies. The speaker disputed the idea that the freed slaves could not care for themselves.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 158 word document (text and image)

Title: H. Ford Douglass

Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Historical Society -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Speech in reply to John Mercer Langston who the speaker accuses of not being clear regarding his support of colonization. The speaker argues for immigration as a solution to the questions that arise regarding the nominally free people living in the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 18 page, 5,605 word document (text and images)

Title: Henry Highland Garnet

Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Seventh Annual Report of the Executive Committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society, pp. 1-7

Speech given on the seventh anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society in response to a resolution put forth stating that all rights and immunities of American citizenship should be afforded to all Americans including the free people of color.

Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 2,813 word document (text and images)

Title: J. W. C. Pennington

Speaker or author: Pennington, James W. C.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Connecticut Historical Society -- Pamphlets

The speaker approached the subject of emancipation on the anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies. He traced the history of emancipation from the 1700's, and emphasized through example the clever ways some slave holders continued the system without calling it slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,467 word document (text and images)

Title: J. W. C. Pennington

Speaker or author: Pennington, James W. C.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Sermon regarding the moral obligation of African Americans in the pursuit of individual freedom, happiness, truth, and justice. Stress is placed on the differences between "God's government" and the U.S. government.

Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 3,560 word document (text and images)

Title: J. W. C. Pennington

Speaker or author: Pennington, James W. C.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- American Baptist Historical Society -- Pamphlet Collection

Sermon given during a meeting of the New York Central College Association stressing the law of God as greater government for human beings than the law of man.

Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 3,428 word document (text and images)

Title: J. W. C. Pennington

Speaker or author: Pennington, James W. C.

Newspaper or publication: Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

A farewell sermon delivered before the Fifth Congregational Church of Hartford, Connecticut, as the speaker left to devote a two year leave of absence to classical study. The speaker also requested the time so that he could deal with his fugitive status. The sermon itself addressed Paul's journey through Macedonia and seemed a metaphor for the speaker's upcoming absence.

Description of file(s): PDF 22 page, 6,197 word document (text and images)

Title: James McCune Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Fifth Annual Report of the Executive Committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society, pp. 24-30

Speech in response to a resolution put forward for the American Anti-Slavery Society to support similar societies in Britain and France in their efforts to abolish slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 3,443 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Historical Society -- Pamphlet Collection

The speaker traced the history of the human struggle for freedom, justice and liberty. He emphasized that the struggle for emancipation of the slaves was part of this universal, human struggle for freedom. The speaker stressed that all human beings have an innate desire to be free, and this is their birthright.

Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 8,341 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Rhodes House -- MSS British Empire -- G88, Freedman's Aid Society -- Oxford, England

Overview of a speech addressing the pro-slavery argument that the slave is content in his/her situation. This argument includes the idea that the slave has no right to his contentment if it interfers with another person's freedom. The speaker also eloquently addressed the argument of the inferiority of the black race.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 968 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- John Rylands Library -- Manchester, England

Speech given on the anniversary of the execution of John Brown. The speaker related his experience with John Brown, and praised him as a martyr for the abolition of slavery. He also praised other abolitionists and stressed that the incident at Harper's Ferry was the spark that fueled the current fight to completely end slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 2,698 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland Ohio -- Sella Martin Book

The speaker traced in detail the benefits and the drawbacks of raising cotton. He stressed the value of the crop itself and its positive influence on the American economy. He linked this with the work of slaves who had given their health and lives to produce it. The remainder of the speech stressed the predicament that the emancipation of the slaves placed on those involved with cotton production. He also emphasized that the Negro was not inferior to the white race and he offered several examples to prove this. He believed the future of the production of cotton and other crops was with science not with "brute" man power. The idea of inferiority of one race was not a sound argument for slavery. He argued for the right of all human beings to be free.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 3,682 word document (text and images)

Title: Jonathan C. Gibbs

Speaker or author: Gibbs, Jonathan C. (Jonathan Clarkson), 1831-1874

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Presbyterian Historical Society -- Pamphlets

Lengthy sermon discussing the place of the African American in the ministry. The speaker emphasized the dedication and determination required to answer a divine calling to preach the gospel.

Description of file(s): PDF 19 page, 7,725 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Robert Campbell

Title: Martin Robison Delany

Speaker or author: Delany, Martin & Campbell, Robert, of the Niger Valley Exploring Party

Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- Royal Geological Society Archives, London, England

-- Copyright Permission Pending -- Handwritten speech detailing the findings of a geographical expedition made by two explorers: Martin Delany and Robert Campbell. The text details the land mass, the villages, the people, the climate, and the general discoveries made of Western Africa. (This transcription includes the original editing marks made by the writers.)

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,610 word document (text and images)

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Records (29)

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