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Subtitle: The American Citizen--Canada Mission--Ourself.

Title: Colored American - April 10, 1841

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Colored American (1837 - 1842)

The writer replies to an article in the American Citizen newspaper indicating that fugitives are being aided in their escape to Canada. He says that the belief that African Americans who succeed in other countries will reflect positively on those left in the U.S. is just another scam to realize the goals of Colonization. He wonders why it's necessary for African Americans to leave their home country to show their own worth when they can do this now where they are.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: Emigration of Colored People to Canada.

Title: Colored American - November 18, 1837

Speaker or author: Ray, Charles B. (Charles Bennett), 1807-1886

Newspaper or publication: Colored American (1837 - 1842)

The writer notes that most African Americans are immigrating to Canada to find relief from prejudice and unemployment. He urges them instead to immigrate to Wisconsin, which is currently being settled. Land there is inexpensive, the territory is beautiful, and people live together harmoniously.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: Visit to Toronto, Canada.

Title: Frederick Douglass' Paper - August 18, 1854

Speaker or author: Watkins, William J.

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper (1851 - 18??)

The writer comments briefly on his visit to Toronto, Canada and the work being done there on behalf of its black citizens.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Begging for Fugitives in Canada.

Title: Provincial Freeman - April 14, 1855

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer laments the continued perception among the Canadian public that people of African descent are unable to care for themselves. The automatic assumption that these people must be clothed, fed, and sheltered is degrading to the race.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: Speeches of Mr. Dall of Canada, and Mr. Remond of the United States, on the 1st of August, at Abington, Massachusetts.

Title: Provincial Freeman - August 19, 1854

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer offers his opinions of the views of two anti-slavery lecturers. This is mainly a critique of the opinons of Mr. Dall on the future success of people of African descent living in Canada.

Description of file(s): four scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: African Civilization Society of Canada.

Title: Provincial Freeman - January 29, 1859

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer tells his readers that the question of "African civilization" is divided among two groups in Canada. One argues that civilizing Africa will put an end to the slave trade once and for all; the other is totally against anything that even sounds like immigration (or Colonization).

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: The Circular Calling upon Fugitives from Canada for West India Labours.

Title: Provincial Freeman - July 1, 1854

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer expresses his opinion of a circular he received calling for people of African descent living in Canada to work in the British West Indies. He believes this is another immigration scheme created by those who suppose these people are not smart enough to stay where they are.

Description of file(s): four scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: Annexation of Canada.

Title: Provincial Freeman - July 1, 1854

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer shares an article published in a Virginia newspaper about the idea of annexaction of Canada. He tells his readers that this article does more harm than good in its attempt to explain the political position of Canadians on this subject.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Canada -- Liberia -- H. Ford Douglass -- Provincial Freeman -- Mary A. Shadd.

Title: Provincial Freeman - July 19, 1856

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer underscores the benefits of the Provincial Freeman newspaper and publications like it in helping to promote justice and freedom among those of African descent. (Partially illegible; best copy available.)

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages (partially illegible)

Subtitle: The Colored Men of Canada and the Eastern War.

Title: Provincial Freeman - June 16, 1855

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer briefly comments on the Crimean war.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: The Refugees' Home Society and Mrs. M. E. Bibb.

Title: Provincial Freeman - June 23, 1855

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer briefly comments on the attempts of Mrs. Bibb to retrieve land in the possession of The Refugees' Home Society that she says belonged to her late husband.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Mrs. H. B. Stowe's Visit to Canada.

Title: Provincial Freeman - June 7, 1856

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer discusses rumors of an upcoming visit by author H. B. Stowe. He believes those who would make a profit off the condition of fugitive slaves in Canada are using this visit as a money making scheme.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: Relations of Canada to American Slavery.

Title: Provincial Freeman - March 24, 1853

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer discusses the role of Canada in U.S. efforts to capture runaway slaves. Since Canada is a British province, and since there are no slaves on British soil, slaves are not considered fugitives once they cross into Canada. He emphasizes the problems this relationship creates between the two countries.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: United States and Canada -- a Parallel.

Title: Provincial Freeman - October 13, 1855

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The author makes a comparison between the authority in the U.S. government of the "slave power," and the similar authority the Canadian government has given to the Roman Catholic Church.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: Yankee Piety in Canada.

Title: Provincial Freeman - September 15, 1855

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer accuses an organization called The American Sunday School Union of attempting to subvert and destroy the Canadian government in its efforts to return fugitive slaves to the U.S.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Schools among the Refugees.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - April 12, 1851

Speaker or author: Bibb, Mary E.

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

A teacher asks for help to continue educating children of the fugitives and the poor in her area.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Canada Mill Company.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - April 22, 1852

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

Brief overview of the Canada Mill and Mercantile Company that offers opportunity for employment and a relief from charity for fugitive slaves.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: Price of Canada Lands.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - April 22, 1852

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

The writer responds to a question regarding the price of land in Canada.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Subtitle: What do the Fugitives in Canada Stand in Need of? No. III.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - April 23, 1851

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

The writer suggests that instead of donations of food and clothing, fugitive slaves would be better served with financial aid to help purchase land. (Incomplete) See Voice of the Fugitive editorial 11524edi.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Subtitle: An Appeal to the Refugees for Help.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - April 8, 1852

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

The writer tells his readers that there are two main influences on society: "the pulpit and the press." He thanks his readers for their support in keeping the newspaper in publication. He reinforces the important place this publication has in the current political environment and the ongoing struggle for freedom.

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Records (54)

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