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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (38)
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Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Elevator

Impassioned speech in which the speaker emphasized that along with freedom, African Americans were entitled to all the privileges of citizenship including suffrage, legal, social and political rights. Denying a citizen these rights on the basis of color was illogical, irrational, and uncivilized.

Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,101 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

The speaker emphasized that the law in South Carolina that authorized "the sale of any Negro or Mulatto found in the state more than 12 days" was being used to sell white people more than fugitive slaves. He noted that any man could be called a mulatto and sold under this law. He urged reform and called for the white public to get involved for their own sake.

Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,378 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Jefferson City, [MO] Democrat

Overview of speech delivered before the House of Representatives. The speaker spoke for the suffrage and civil rights of the newly freed slaves. He emphasized that they were newly acquired citizens of the U.S. and deserved all the rights that went along with that status.

Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,117 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Nashville Times and True Union

Speech delivered before a mixed race audience in the House of Representatives. The speaker stressed his hope for a brighter future for the former slaves. He spoke of the injustice suffered by slaves over the years since slavery was first established in the U.S. He paid special attention to the contributions and sacrifices that African Americans had made to the country, and his hope for future racial harmony.

Description of file(s): PDF 9 page, 2,243 word document (text and images)

Title: John Parker

Speaker or author: Parker, John, fl. 1861-1864

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief overview of a speech given by a recently freed slave who served in the Confederate army. He believed the South's greatest ally was the divided opinion of slavery expressed by those in the North.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 207 word document (text and image)

Title: John Peck

Speaker or author: Peck, John, of Pittsburgh

Newspaper or publication: Christian Recorder (1852 - 1856)

Brief speech in which the speaker stressed unity of purpose and a coordinated effort among white as well as black citizens to reach the goals of equality, moral elevation, and racial harmony.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 564 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Non Conformist

An appeal to the American people on behalf of the newly freed slaves for assistance in adapting to their new condition. Almost immediately after the Emancipation Proclamation the prejudice already prevalent in the country became more pronounced and intense. The speaker called for reason and compassion.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 804 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech given before an English audience asking for their support in the process of emancipation that was now in effect in the U.S. The speaker expressed his idea that immediate emancipation was better than the gradual emancipation that some promoted.

Description of file(s): PDF 6 page, 1,641 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Non Conformist

Speech addressing those who criticized immediate emancipation. The speaker also addressed the belief that the slave was content in his bondage.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 890 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland Ohio -- Sella Martin Book

The speaker traced in detail the benefits and the drawbacks of raising cotton. He stressed the value of the crop itself and its positive influence on the American economy. He linked this with the work of slaves who had given their health and lives to produce it. The remainder of the speech stressed the predicament that the emancipation of the slaves placed on those involved with cotton production. He also emphasized that the Negro was not inferior to the white race and he offered several examples to prove this. He believed the future of the production of cotton and other crops was with science not with "brute" man power. The idea of inferiority of one race was not a sound argument for slavery. He argued for the right of all human beings to be free.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 3,682 word document (text and images)

Title: Lewis Hayden

Speaker or author: Hayden, Lewis, 1815-1889

Newspaper or publication: Boston Athenaeum -- Pamphlet Collection

Lengthy speech regarding the status of freed African Americans within the order of Freemasonry. The speaker stressed concern over growing racial prejudice within the order. He was also concerned that President Andrew Johnson was not doing anything to combat the increasing racial prejudice within the U.S. The speaker paid special attention to the wording of the Freemason doctrine regarding membership. He also gave a brief history of the order, including its goals, moral obligations and social commitment. This speech contains valuable information regarding the influence of Freemasonry in the founding of the U. S.

Description of file(s): PDF 56 page, 17,480 word document (text and images)

Title: William Andrew Jackson

Speaker or author: Jackson, William Andrew, b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief overview of a speech by the former coachman of Jefferson Davis expressing his opinion about how to include the southern states into the union after the Civil War.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 325 word document (text and image)

Title: William Cooper Nell

Speaker or author: Nell, William C. (William Cooper), 1816-1874.

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech commemorating the March 5th death of Crispus Attucks, a day that African Americans had long celebrated. This celebration had been merged with the July 4th celebration, but the speaker asked his audience to remember the sacrifices of black war heroes on this day.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 314 word document (text and images)

Title: William Henry Hall

Speaker or author: Hall, W. H. (William Henry), fl. 1863-1864

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University, Cambridge -- Rare Books and Manuscripts

Although California had entered the Union as a free state, the speaker joined those in the state government in questioning what social and political changes would take place nationally now that the Emancipation Proclamation had been delivered and the war was at an end.

Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 2,632 word document (text and images)

Title: William Howard Day

Speaker or author: Day, William Howard, d. 1900

Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Overview of a speech given at the unveiling of monument to Abraham Lincoln who had died in April of that year. The speaker emphasized Lincoln's great achievements but tempered this with a reminder of the legacy the system of slavery had left. He urged continued efforts for social improvements and civil rights as the country recovered from the Civil War.

Description of file(s): PDF 12 page, 3,929 word document (text and images)

Title: William Howard Day

Speaker or author: Day, William Howard, d. 1900

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech delivered during a celebration of the anniversary of the August 1st emancipation of the British West Indies. The speaker emphasized the potential positive future for African Americans now that the war was over and they were free. The speaker stressed that their future success was up to them now.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 714 word document (text and images)

Title: William Howard Day

Speaker or author: Day, William Howard, d. 1900

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African

Speech given on the anniversary of the emancipation of slaves in the British West Indies. The speaker emphasized that now the U.S. could claim its place among the countries that had abandoned slavery. He expressed gratitude for those who had fought and died in the Civil War in the cause of freedom.

Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 1,697 word document (text and images)

Title: William Wells Brown

Speaker or author: Brown, William Wells, 1814?-1884

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

The speaker expresses his concern that the promises made by Abraham Lincoln and the freeing of the slaves would not be realized. He urges the abolitionists to continue fighting for freedom and suffrage. (Includes MP3 audio file.)

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 580 word document (text and images)

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Records (38)

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