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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (40)
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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten notes for speech regarding the speaker's idea that the colonization of Africa is part of God's plan. The speaker emphasized the potential for a quality life there doing God's work.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,412 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.

Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)

Title: Bob'n Around

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Short, humorous account by a traveling correspondent of his adventures in Connecticut. (Includes MP3 audio file.)

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 713 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Impassioned speech encouraging the continued efforts towards abolition. The speaker emphasized that he agreed with any method it would take to bring about an end to slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 2,403 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Overview of a speech encouraging H. Ford Douglass to make his home in Massachusetts where there was more racial diversity. The speaker expressed his agreement with the doctrine that said "No Union with Slaveholders."

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 311 word document (text and images)

Title: Davis D. Turner

Speaker or author: Turner, Davis D.

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker points out the changes occurring in the U.S. over the question of slavery. He uses the recent events surrounding the execution of John Brown and South Carolina's threat to secede after the election of Abraham Lincoln as examples.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 197 word document (text and image)

Title: H. Ford Douglass

Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speaking in favor of the Stephen A. Douglas candidacy, the speaker emphasized the pro-slavery position of Abraham Lincoln. He noted that even though the Republican party (to which Lincoln belong) was considered the "anti-slavery party," Lincolns actions showed a different perspective. He noted that Lincoln supported the Fugitive Slave Law and expressed that Lincoln was pro-slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 23 page, 6,716 word document (text and images)

Title: H. Ford Douglass

Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford

Newspaper or publication: Anti-Slavery Bugle

In this election year, the speaker encouraged continued vigilance in the fight for abolition of slavery. The speaker stressed where each party and each presidential candidate stood on the issue of slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 12 page, 3,422 word document (text and images)

Title: H. Ford Douglass

Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford

Newspaper or publication: Anti-Slavery Bugle

The speaker offered his thoughts on prejudice, saying, "When we are free, men will find it to be a fact that there is no prejudice against color. It is the condition, not the color. My color serves as a badge, indicating that I belong to a race which in this land has been doomed to degredation. And just so long as we consent to occupy a subordinate condition, and submit without murmuring to our degradation, there is no prejudice against us. So long as the black man is willing to be a slave in this country, all is well enough, but whenever he attempts to take the position of a freeman, it is then the white man seems to hate him." The speaker stressed that prejudice is about slavery, not about skin color.

Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,626 word document (text and images)

Title: H. Ford Douglass

Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech expressing the speakers reasons for wanting to continue celebrating August 1st even though opposition had been expressed to this. The speaker said that even though the emancipation of the British West Indies (August 1, 1834) was under the direction of a foreign government, the day was worth celebrating by all those who value freedom. He emphasized the historical efforts and legacies of countries of men who fought, sacrificed and died for freedom.

Description of file(s): PDF 15 page, 4,371 word document (text and images)

Title: Henry Highland Garnet

Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker supported the goals and motivations of the African Civilization Society. He stressed that the motivation behind the funding of immigration to Africa is to confirm friendly relations with the native people, to purchase land for immigrants, to build schools and churches, to promote lawful commerce, and to encourage the spread of Christianity.

Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,066 word document (text and images)

Title: James M. Williams

Speaker or author: Williams, James M., Rev.

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Eulogy sermon for John Brown during a gathering on the anniversary of his execution the previous year.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 341 word document (text and images)

Title: John B. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, J. B. (John B.), Rev., fl. 1852-1863

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker gave a brief overview of the Boston Convention including a "controversy" between Henry Highland Garnet and George T. Downing. He said that the convention participants had agreed that they would remain in the U.S., their birth place. He also stressed the importance of cotton in continuing the system of slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 532 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sella Martin

Speaker or author: Martin, J. Sella (John Sella), b. 1832

Newspaper or publication: Anti-Slavery Advocate

Brief speech praising the work of William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and John Brown. The speaker said that just because there is no news of discontent from the slaves in the South does not mean that they are happy with their situation.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 134 word document (text and image)

Title: John Sweat Rock

Speaker or author: Rock, John S. (John Sweat), 1825-1866

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech addressing the current question of "what is to be done with the free colored people?" At the time, there were several issues regarding what would happen to the country if the slaves were set free. The speaker addressed the national fears; amalgamation; ideas regarding colonization or "removal"; and irrational concerns about violence. He assured his audience that both races were capable of living together in harmony.

Description of file(s): PDF 18 page, 5,281 word document (text and images)

Title: John Sweat Rock

Speaker or author: Rock, John S. (John Sweat), 1825-1866

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Eloquent speech addressing the influence of government legislation that implied prejudicial bias regarding race.

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 2,175 word document (text and images)

Title: John W. Simpson

Speaker or author: Simpson, John W., fl. 1860

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Brief overview of speech delivered to commemorate the 128th anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Banneker and the seventh anniversary of the Banneker Institute.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 153 word document (text and image)

Title: Lewis Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, Lewis, b. ca. 1824

Newspaper or publication: Watchman and Weslayan Advertiser

Brief overview of speech given before an English audience in which the speaker expressed his goal to purchase the release of his four children from slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 160 word document (text and image)

Subtitle: Robert Campbell

Title: Martin Robison Delany

Speaker or author: Delany, Martin & Campbell, Robert, of the Niger Valley Exploring Party

Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- Royal Geological Society Archives, London, England

-- Copyright Permission Pending -- Handwritten speech detailing the findings of a geographical expedition made by two explorers: Martin Delany and Robert Campbell. The text details the land mass, the villages, the people, the climate, and the general discoveries made of Western Africa. (This transcription includes the original editing marks made by the writers.)

Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,610 word document (text and images)

Title: Martin Robison Delany

Speaker or author: Delany, Martin Robison, 1812-1885

Newspaper or publication: Patriot

The speaker expressed his idea that the colonization of Liberia had failed because the promoters of the initiative lacked organization and planning. The focus was on the number of people that could be gathered to immigrate without any thought to what they would do once they got to Liberia. He advised asking the immigrants to pay their own way, and making the project a purely secular one.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 206 word document (text and image)

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Records (40)

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