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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (34)
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Title: James McCune Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard

Overview of speech offered in protest of the Fugitive Slave Bill that was contributing to the kidnapping of nominally free black citizens of New York. Emphasis was placed on the recent experience in this regard of James Hamlet, who escaped after being kidnapped to be sold into slavery. (Speech 10898(a) is a duplicate of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 365 word document (text and images)

Title: James McCune Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard

The speaker, a physician at the Coloured Orphan Asylum, gave a presentation of a young African Bushman named Henry who had been recently placed in the orphanage. Mr. Smith gave an overview of Henry's history, the Bushmen tribe he belonged to, and called attention to Henry's mental and physical capacities.

Description of file(s): PDF 6 page, 1,821 word document (text and images)

Title: John B. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, J. B. (John B.), Rev., fl. 1852-1863

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

The speaker emphasized the desire for equal rights for the newly freed slaves. While he admitted to being surprised by the Emancipation Proclamation, he believed it was God's Will and that justice had finally prevailed. He denounced those who agreed with the Crittenden Compromise, and emphasized that the war was not caused by the abolitionists.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 319 word document (text and image)

Title: John B. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, J. B. (John B.), Rev., fl. 1852-1863

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Commentary on a speech given to encourage African Americans to immigrate to Africa or Hayti. The commentator believes the speaker made deliberate exaggerations in order to make money off the plight of the slaves.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 566 word document (text and images)

Title: John B. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, J. B. (John B.), Rev., fl. 1852-1863

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief speech in which the speaker advocted the African Civilization Project. He emphasized consideration of this endeavor to gain the "...respect of their enemies."

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 195 word document (text and image)

Title: John B. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, J. B. (John B.), Rev., fl. 1852-1863

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker gave a brief overview of the Boston Convention including a "controversy" between Henry Highland Garnet and George T. Downing. He said that the convention participants had agreed that they would remain in the U.S., their birth place. He also stressed the importance of cotton in continuing the system of slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 532 word document (text and images)

Title: John N. Lewis

Speaker or author: Lewis, John N.

Newspaper or publication: Emancipator

Speech regarding the irony of missionary work in Africa by men who are slaves in the U.S. and not allowed to read the Bible. Emphasis is placed on the question of civil rights in the U.S.

Description of file(s): PDF 6 page, 1,278 word document (text and images)

Title: John W. Lewis

Speaker or author: Lewis, John W., Eld.

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief comments on the upcoming presidential election, voting, and the influence of the Church in continuing slavery. The speaker expressed his amazement that any government would pass a law like the Fugitive Slave Law.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 198 word document (text and image)

Title: Lewis Clarke

Speaker or author: Clarke, Lewis Garrard, 1812-1897

Newspaper or publication: Signal of Liberty

Narrative about one man's experience as a slave in Kentucky.

Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,511 word document (text and images)

Title: Lewis Hayden

Speaker or author: Hayden, Lewis, 1815-1889

Newspaper or publication: Boston Athenaeum -- Pamphlet Collection

Lengthy speech regarding the status of freed African Americans within the order of Freemasonry. The speaker stressed concern over growing racial prejudice within the order. He was also concerned that President Andrew Johnson was not doing anything to combat the increasing racial prejudice within the U.S. The speaker paid special attention to the wording of the Freemason doctrine regarding membership. He also gave a brief history of the order, including its goals, moral obligations and social commitment. This speech contains valuable information regarding the influence of Freemasonry in the founding of the U. S.

Description of file(s): PDF 56 page, 17,480 word document (text and images)

Title: Lewis Hayden

Speaker or author: Hayden, Lewis, 1815-1889

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper

Debate between Mr. Hayden and Mr. Githell, a slaveholder, over the morality of slavery. The speaker said it was immoral to hold human beings as property. Mr. Githell's point was that while he was against slavery, each of his slaves represented a monetary investment that he wanted to be compensated for. Mr. Githell believed God would end slavery, but that this couldn't happen yet because the slave offered economic prosperity to the slaveholder.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 433 word document (text and images)

Title: Lewis Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, Lewis, b. ca. 1824

Newspaper or publication: Watchman and Weslayan Advertiser

Brief overview of speech given before an English audience in which the speaker expressed his goal to purchase the release of his four children from slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 160 word document (text and image)

Title: N. Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, N.

Newspaper or publication: Palladium of Liberty (1843 - 1844)

Temperance speech comparing the addiction to alcohol with slavery. Emphasis is place on the idea that slavery is just as much an enemy to human health as alcohol is. (Last page of speech is missing in original and therefore in this version.)

Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,119 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Mr. Garnet's Reply to Dr. James M'Cune Smith.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - January 19, 1861

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer sternly responds to a letter previously published in the newspaper. He defends his affiliation with the African Civilization Society and insists that it is not associated with Colonization in any fashion.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

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Records (34)

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