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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.

Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library

Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.

Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Non Conformist

Brief speech regarding the effect the American cotton growers and their slave labor have on the world economy. The speaker called for Britain to stop buying and using products produced with slave labor. (Speech 09789 is a duplicate of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 614 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Patriot

The speaker expressed opposition to the recently passed Fugitive Slave law and emphasized that slavery was a "...disposition on the part of the strong and selfish to use and employ the weak and miserable part of creation as their own instruments...." The speaker felt that the only remedy for this situation was to improve and elevate the condition of the race. He believed that a type of colonization of Africa based in missionary work was the answer, although he expressed that this was not related to a scheme to remove the race from the U.S. as some believed.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 936 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Hon. Horace Greeley and A. O. P. Nicholson on the Black Man Again.

Title: Anglo-African - September 9, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African (1863 - 1865)

The writer responds to a lengthy article published in the Tribune newspaper containing a discussion of the physical, intellectual, and emotional condition of African Americans. The writer expresses his frustration with the continuous fascination white citizens seem to have with categorizing and explaining African American behavior now that the slaves are free.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: The Outbreak in Virginia.

Title: Anglo-African Magazine - November, 1859

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African Magazine (1859 - 1860)

Detailed account of the raid on Harper's Ferry by John Brown published originally in the Baltimore American and New York Herald. Included is an interview with John Brown shortly after his capture, and a brief account of his statements before the Grand Jury before his trial.

Description of file(s): eight scanned magazine pages (14 columns)

Subtitle: The Re-Opening of the Slave Trade.

Title: Anglo-African Magazine - September, 1859

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Anglo-African Magazine (1859 - 1860)

The writer expresses the fears most African Americans hold now: that Congress will pass laws that will resume the slave trade in the U.S.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, magazine page

Title: Anthony Burns

Speaker or author: Burns, Anthony, 1834-1862

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper

Overview of speech detailing one man's experience with the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Law. The speaker expressed his belief that the Church was involved in continuing the system of slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 1,834 word document (text and images)

Title: Benjamin Stanley

Speaker or author: Stanley, Benjamin, fl. 1850

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard

Overview of speech offered in protest of the Fugitive Slave Bill that was contributing to the kidnapping of nominally free black citizens of New York. The speaker suggested armed resistance to those who would attempt to rob them of their freedom.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 458 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Bennet Ray

Speaker or author: Ray, Charles B. (Charles Bennett), 1807-1886

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard

Overview of speech offered in protest of the Fugitive Slave Bill that was contributing to the kidnapping of nominally free black citizens of New York. Emphasis is placed on the recent experience of James Hamlet, who escaped after being kidnapped to be sold into slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 225 word document (text and image)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- State Historical Society of Wisconsin -- Pamphlet Collection

Eloquent speech delivered before a court about to pronounce sentence on the speaker for his actions in working against the Fugitive Slave Law. After his impassioned call for reason, justice, and humanity in the exercising of the Fugitive Slave Law, the speaker was fined $100 and sentenced to 20 days in jail.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 4,108 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Henry Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Brief speech expressing the speaker's agreement that the U. S. government is based on a pro-slavery ideal.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 396 word document (text and image)

Title: Charles L. Reason

Speaker or author: Reason, Charles Lewis, 1818-1893

Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard

Speech given against the goals of the American Colonization Society and the speaker's belief that colonization of Africa simply offered another type of enslavement to African Americans.

Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 3,314 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: North Star

Speech encouraging "nominally free" African Americans to not give up hope for the abolition of slavery. He urged them to not purchase pro-slavery newspapers and to help themselves overcome the oppression of prejudice. He emphasized that there was a feeling of lethargy and complacency among them that only helped to strengthen the pro-slavery forces.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 484 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech regarding the abuses, injustices, and horrors of slavery emphasizing how the very existence of slavery was in opposition to the beliefs set forth in the American Constitution.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 318 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech given before a meeting of the Hibernian Anti-Slavery Society regarding the continued injustices and horrors of American slavery, and how this is perceived by people in other countries.

Description of file(s): PDF 19 page, 5,634 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech outlining the horrors of slavery contending that it was "... a system of murder" for profit. Emphasis is placed on recent writings by Thomas Fowell Buxton.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 863 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech given before the Paisley Temperance Society regarding the cooperation existing between the temperance and anti-slavery movements. By joining forces, both movements hoped to reach their goals for social change.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,150 word document (text and images)

Title: Charles Lenox Remond

Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech denouncing the Fugitive Slave Law; and lamenting the loss of motivation in those who had formed anti-slavery societies and had for so long fought untiringly for freedom.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,026 word document (text and images)

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Records (301)

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