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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (35)
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Title: Elevator - May 26, 1865

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Elevator (1865 - 18??)

The writer responds to an idea expressed in the Morning Call newspaper that civil wars are based on racial issues, and that problems arise within a society that mixes races.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Equal Rights School.

Title: Frederick Douglass' Paper - August 25, 1854

Speaker or author: Watkins, William J.

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper (1851 - 18??)

The writer discusses the injustices of prejudice as it affects segregation in churches and schools. He stresses the distinction made in terms of skin color since an Irish immigrant is granted more consideration than an African American solely because of his skin color.

Description of file(s): three scanned newspaper pages (five columns)

Subtitle: Notes by the Way.

Title: Frederick Douglass' Paper - July 14, 1854

Speaker or author: Watkins, William J.

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper (1851 - 18??)

The writer relates his recent speaking tour. He finds that public sentiment is now changing and the idea of continuing slavery is now repugnant to most intelligent people in the country. Although he views the current Presidential Administration as being "pro-slavery," he believes that it is the strength of public sentiment that will succeed in ending slavery.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Title: George Boyer Vashon

Speaker or author: Vashon, George Boyer, 1824-1878

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Foner and Walker, Eds. -- Proceedings of the Black State Conventions 1840-1865, (1979) Vol. 1, pp. 139-166

Brief overview of speech in which the speaker expressed his view that a country that is not administered by a just and impartial government was not secure or permanent.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 377 word document (text and image)

Subtitle: Blacks and Whites.

Title: Impartial Citizen - April 11, 1849

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Impartial Citizen (1849 - 1851)

The writer discusses the idea of prejudice based on skin color. He compares distinctions of caste made in other countries with the injustice in this country based on race. He notes that in some churches they are told "you'll be white in Heaven." But if being white on earth is comparable to being white in Heaven, he wants no part of it. He urges his readers to be true to themselves and live virtuous lives.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Title: James Theodore Holly

Speaker or author: Holly, James Theodore

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Speech detailing the history of the Haitian revolution given in order to demonstrate the capabilities of the Negro race, and disprove ideas regarding the inequality of races in terms of intelligence and ability.

Description of file(s): PDF 44 page, 14,391 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Elevator

Impassioned speech in which the speaker emphasized that along with freedom, African Americans were entitled to all the privileges of citizenship including suffrage, legal, social and political rights. Denying a citizen these rights on the basis of color was illogical, irrational, and uncivilized.

Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,101 word document (text and images)

Title: Nathaniel Paul

Speaker or author: Paul, Nathaniel, 1792 or 3-1839

Newspaper or publication: Friend of Man

Speech given regarding the detrimental effect of prejudice on the abolition of slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 969 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Colored men of the States.

Title: Provincial Freeman - April 4, 1857

Speaker or author: S[hadd], I[saac] D.

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer discusses the current political climate in the U.S. and its effect on immigration to Canada.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Old Men with New Views.

Title: Provincial Freeman - July 15, 1854

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer responds to an article published in Frederick Douglass' Paper regarding the status of African Americans living in Canada. He also responds to the idea of maintaining a home for refugees in Canada for African American immigrants there. He tells his readers that the implication is that former slaves cannot take care of themselves. He finds the ideas from this article -- and those from a conference held in the U.S. on this subject -- misleading and absurd. He believes the U.S. has a distorted view of how people of African descent live in Canada.

Description of file(s): three scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: The Coming Political Contest.

Title: Provincial Freeman - March 29, 1856

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The writer tells his readers a bit about the differences in the political parties. He makes recommendations to them regarding voting in an upcoming election.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Title: Thomas H. Street

Speaker or author: Street, Thomas H.

Newspaper or publication: Pacific Appeal

Speech delivered during a celebration of the first anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. The speaker traced the history of slavery from its ancient beginning to the progress made since emancipation. He stressed that it takes both the white and black races of American people working together to make the country great. He encouraged all African Americans to continue to improve themselves to meet the social challenges that lay ahead.

Description of file(s): PDF 12 page, 2,711 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Social Equality Between the White and Colored Population.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - January 1, 1852

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

The writer tells his readers that social inequality is based on a lack of understanding of Christian doctrine. Where there is moral equality, he tells them, there is also racial equality.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Title: William Wells Brown

Speaker or author: Brown, William Wells, 1814?-1884

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief farewell speech given prior to the speaker's departure for the World Peace Convention in Paris. The speaker assured the audience that the World Peace Convention would hasten the complete abolition of slavery. (Includes MP3 audio file.)

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 408 word document (text and images)

Title: Young Lady of Color

Speaker or author: "Young Lady of Color"

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Short address given by a "young lady of color" at a scheduled women's meeting ("Mental Feast") organized for the educational benefit of former slaves.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 472 word document (text and images)

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Records (35)

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