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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Black Abolitionist Archive

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Records (9)
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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Speech emphasizing the benefits of colonization in Africa. The speaker listed each benefit and positive feature of Africa in a very rational and pragmatic way emphasizing trade, economics, education and Christian missionary work that have improved the colonized areas.

Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 6,423 word document (text and images)

Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: African Repository

Lengthy speech describing the current conditions in Africa, the new colony in Monrovia and in Liberia. The speaker emphasized the abundance of natural resources, the stability of the freedom based government, and the availability of education to everyone. (Speech 24099 is a duplicate of this speech. Speech 24140 offers another version of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 5,852 word document (text and images)

Title: George T. Downing

Speaker or author: Downing, George T. (George Thomas), 1819-1903

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Brief speech denouncing the African Civilization Project. The speaker believed this was similar to the American Colonization Society project and just one more way of making money using African American labor.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 391 word document (text and images)

Title: Henry Highland Garnet

Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker approves of the civilization goals of the African Aid Society that proposes to move black families from Canada to Africa. He believes this offers a postive way to improve the lives of all concerned, and provide England with a different source for cotton. Like many abolitionists, he believes that slavery is mainly continued in the U.S. based on the money made from the production of cotton.

Description of file(s): PDF 6 page, 1,360 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Hints and Queries.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - December 14, 1861

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

With "three-fourths of a million" white men joining the Union army and heading into war, the North is suffering from a labor shortage. The writer suggests that now is the time for free African Americans to fill those needed positions and lift themselves out of menial jobs. He focuses on the change taking place within the social structure.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: New Books.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - January 19, 1861

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer offers a brief review of a new book published by African explorer Robert Campbell. He comments on Campbell's findings that slavery is prevalent in Africa, and on other interesting information about the country. He tells his readers that if it had not been for the existence of slavery in Africa, there would be no slavery in the U.S.; that slavery existed there thousands of years before the discovery of America.

Description of file(s): one scanned, three columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: Mr. Garnet's Reply to Dr. James M'Cune Smith.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - January 19, 1861

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer sternly responds to a letter previously published in the newspaper. He defends his affiliation with the African Civilization Society and insists that it is not associated with Colonization in any fashion.

Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages

Subtitle: The Great Eastern.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - July 7, 1860

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer discusses possible uses for the Great Eastern ship that made its maiden voyage to America in June. The ship was originally built to take advantage of the increase in immigration to Australia.

Description of file(s): one scanned, three columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: "What shall be done with the Slaves?"

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - November 23, 1861

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer considers two suggestions for dealing with the slaves once they are free men and women.

Description of file(s): three scanned newspaper pages (five columns)

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Records (9)

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